WD(4) NetBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual WD(4)
wd -- WD100x compatible hard disk driver
wd* at atabus? drive ? flags 0x0000 wd* at umass? options WD_SOFTBADSECT
The wd driver supports hard disks that emulate the Western Digital WD100x. This includes standard MFM, RLL, ESDI, IDE, EIDE, and SATA drives. The flags are used only with controllers that support DMA operations and mode settings (like some pciide controllers). The lowest order nibble (rightmost digit) of the flags defines the PIO mode, the next four bits define the DMA mode and the third nibble defines the UltraDMA mode. For each set of four bits, the 3 lower bits define the mode to use and the last bit must be set to 1 for this setting to be used. For DMA and UDMA, 0xf (1111) means 'disable'. For example, a flags value of 0x0fac (1111 1010 1100) means 'use PIO mode 4, DMA mode 2, disable UltraDMA'. 0x0000 means "use whatever the drive claims to support." The kernel configuration option ``options WD_SOFTBADSECT'' enables a software managed bad-sector list which will prevent further accesses to sectors where an unrecoverable read error occurred. A user interface is provided by dkctl(8). Unlike the (historical) mechanisms provided by bad144(8) and badsect(8), the software list supports neither sector replacement nor retention across reboots. The following sysctl(8) variables control behavior of disks attached using this driver: hw.wdX.use_ncq Whether to use NCQ ATA commands for the disk. Only effective when the disk hardware actually claims to support NCQ. Default to true. hw.wdX.use_ncq_prio Use optional NCQ priority for high-priority I/O like meta-data. Intended only for experimental use right now, might negatively affect performance. This setting only has effect if hw.wdX.use_ncq is also true. Default to false.
Certain Seagate Barracuda drives sold around 2003 have a known firmware bug leading to corrupted write transfers for sector counts n*15 + 1, in combination with certain ATA controllers, most commonly Silicon Image 3xxx. Affected drives include, but are not limited to: Seagate ST3120023AS Seagate ST380023AS Seagate ST360015AS If you have one of these drives, it's recommended to replace the drive. There used to exist a driver workaround greatly reducing performance, but the code was completely removed in NetBSD 8.0.
ata(4), intro(4), pciide(4), scsi(4), umass(4), wdc(4), atactl(8), dkctl(8)
The optional software bad sector list does not interoperate well with sector remapping features of modern disks. To let the disk remap a sec- tor internally, the software bad sector list must be flushed or disabled before. NetBSD 9.0 January 13, 2020 NetBSD 9.0
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