NSDISPATCH(3)           NetBSD Library Functions Manual          NSDISPATCH(3)


NAME
nsdispatch -- name-service switch dispatcher routine
LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
SYNOPSIS
#include <nsswitch.h> int nsdispatch(void *nsdrv, const ns_dtab dtab[], const char *database, const char *name, const ns_src defaults[], ...);
DESCRIPTION
The nsdispatch() function invokes the callback functions specified in dtab in the order given in /etc/nsswitch.conf for the database database until the action criteria for a source of that database is fulfilled. nsdrv is passed to each callback function to use as necessary (to pass back to the caller of nsdispatch()). dtab is an array of ns_dtab structures, which have the following format: typedef struct { const char *src; nss_method cb; void *cb_data; } ns_dtab; The dtab array should consist of one entry for each source type that has a static implementation, with src as the name of the source, cb as a callback function which handles that source, and cb_data as a pointer to arbitrary data to be passed to the callback function. The last entry in dtab should contain NULL values for src, cb, and cb_data. The callback function signature is described by the typedef: typedef int (*nss_method)(void *cbrv, void *cbdata, va_list ap); cbrv The nsdrv that nsdispatch() was invoked with. cbdata The cb_data member of the array entry for the source that this callback function implements in the dtab argument of nsdispatch(). ap The ... arguments to nsdispatch(), converted to a va_list. database and name are used to select methods from optional per-source dynamically-loaded modules. name is usually the name of the function calling nsdispatch(). Note that the callback functions provided by dtab take priority over those implemented in dynamically-loaded modules in the event of a conflict. defaults contains a list of default sources to try in the case of a miss- ing or corrupt nsswitch.conf(5), or if there isn't a relevant entry for database. It is an array of ns_src structures, which have the following format: typedef struct { const char *src; uint32_t flags; } ns_src; The defaults array should consist of one entry for each source to consult by default indicated by src, and flags set to the desired behavior (usually NS_SUCCESS; refer to Callback function return values for more information). The last entry in defaults should have src set to NULL and flags set to 0. Some invokers of nsdispatch() (such as setgrent(3)) need to force all callback functions to be invoked, irrespective of the action criteria listed in nsswitch.conf(5). This can be achieved by adding NS_FORCEALL to defaults[0].flags before invoking nsdispatch(). The return value of nsdispatch() will be the result of the final callback function invoked. For convenience, a global variable defined as: extern const ns_src __nsdefaultsrc[]; exists which contains a single default entry for `files' for use by callers which don't require complicated default rules. ... are optional extra arguments, which are passed to the appropriate callback function as a stdarg(3) variable argument list of the type va_list. nsdispatch returns the value of the callback function that caused the dispatcher to finish, or NS_NOTFOUND otherwise. Dynamically-loaded module interface The nsdispatch() function loads callback functions from the run-time link-editor's search path using the following naming convention: nss_<source>.so.<version> <source> The source that the module implements. <version> The nsdispatch module interface version, which is defined by the integer NSS_MODULE_INTERFACE_VERSION, which has the value 0. When a module is loaded, nsdispatch() looks for and calls the following function in the module: ns_mtab * nss_module_register(const char *source, u_int *nelems, nss_module_unregister_fn *unreg); source The name of the source that the module implements, as used by nsdispatch() to construct the module's name. nelems A pointer to an unsigned integer that nss_module_register() should set to the number of elements in the ns_mtab array returned by nss_module_register(), or 0 if there was a failure. unreg A pointer to a function pointer that nss_module_register() can optionally set to an unregister function to be invoked when the module is unloaded, or NULL if there isn't one. The unregister function signature is described by the typedef: typedef void (*nss_module_unregister_fn)(ns_mtab *mtab, u_int nelems); mtab The array of ns_mtab structures returned by nss_module_register(). nelems The *nelems value set by nss_module_register(). nss_module_register() returns an array of ns_mtab structures (with *nelems entries), or NULL if there was a failure. The ns_mtab structures have the following format: typedef struct { const char *database; const char *name; nss_method method; void *mdata; } ns_mtab; The mtab array should consist of one entry for each callback func- tion (method) that is implemented, with database as the name of the database, name as the name of the callback function, method as the nss_method callback function that implements the method, and mdata as a pointer to arbitrary data to be passed to the callback func- tion as its cbdata argument. Valid source types While there is support for arbitrary sources, the following #defines for commonly implemented sources are provided: #define Value NSSRC_FILES "files" NSSRC_DNS "dns" NSSRC_NIS "nis" NSSRC_COMPAT "compat" Refer to nsswitch.conf(5) for a complete description of what each source type is. Valid database types While there is support for arbitrary databases, the following #defines for currently implemented system databases are provided: #define Value NSDB_HOSTS "hosts" NSDB_GROUP "group" NSDB_GROUP_COMPAT "group_compat" NSDB_NETGROUP "netgroup" NSDB_NETWORKS "networks" NSDB_PASSWD "passwd" NSDB_PASSWD_COMPAT "passwd_compat" NSDB_SHELLS "shells" Refer to nsswitch.conf(5) for a complete description of what each data- base is. Callback function return values The callback functions should return one of the following values depend- ing upon status of the lookup: Return value Status code NS_SUCCESS The requested entry was found. NS_NOTFOUND The entry is not present at this source. NS_TRYAGAIN The source is busy, and may respond to retries. NS_UNAVAIL The source is not responding, or entry is corrupt.
CALLBACK FUNCTION API FOR STANDARD DATABASES
The organization of the ap argument for an nss_method() callback function for a standard method in a standard database is: 1. Pointer to return value of the standard function. 2. First argument of the standard function. 3. (etc.) For example, given the standard function getgrnam(3): struct group * getgrnam(const char *name) the ap organization used by the callback functions is: 1. struct group ** 2. const char * NOTE: Not all standard databases are using this calling convention yet; those that aren't are noted below. These will be changed in the future. The callback function names and va_list organization for various standard database callback functions are: Methods for hosts database getaddrinfo char *name, const struct addrinfo *pai Returns struct addrinfo * via void *cbrv. gethostbyaddr unsigned char *addr, int addrlen, int af Returns struct getnamaddr * via void *cbrv. gethostbyname char *name, int namelen, int af Returns struct getnamaddr * via void *cbrv. The struct getnamaddr is defined internally in libc as: struct getnamaddr { struct hostent *hp; char *buf; size_t buflen; int *he; }; Methods for group and group_compat databases endgrent Empty ap. All methods for all sources are invoked for this method name. getgrent struct group **retval *retval should be set to a pointer to an internal static struct group on success, NULL otherwise. getgrent(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, NULL otherwise. getgrent_r int *retval, struct group *grp, char *buffer, size_t buflen, struct group **result *retval should be set to an appropriate errno(2) on failure. getgrent_r(3) returns 0 if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS or NS_NOTFOUND, and *retval otherwise. getgrgid struct group **retval, gid_t gid *retval should be set to a pointer to an internal static struct group on success, NULL otherwise. getgrgid(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, NULL otherwise. getgrgid_r int *retval, gid_t gid, struct group *grp, char *buffer, size_t buflen, struct group **result *retval should be set to an appropriate errno(2) on failure. getgrgid_r(3) returns 0 if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS or NS_NOTFOUND, and *retval otherwise. getgrnam struct group **retval, const char *name *retval should be set to a pointer to an internal static struct group on success, NULL otherwise. getgrnam(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, NULL otherwise. getgrnam_r int *retval, const char *name, struct group *grp, char *buffer, size_t buflen, struct group **result *retval should be set to an appropriate errno(2) on failure. getgrnam_r(3) returns 0 if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS or NS_NOTFOUND, and *retval otherwise. getgroupmembership int *retval, const char *name, gid_t basegid, gid_t *groups, int maxgrp, int *groupc retval is unused. Lookups for group_compat are also stopped if NS_SUCCESS was returned to prevent multiple ``+:'' compat entries from being expanded. getgroupmembership(3) returns is -1 if *groupc is greater than to maxgrp, and 0 otherwise. setgroupent int *retval, int stayopen retval should be set to 0 on failure and 1 on success. All methods for all sources are invoked for this method name. setgrent Empty ap. All methods for all sources are invoked for this method name. Methods for netgroup database NOTE: The method APIs for this database will be changing in the near future. endnetgrent Empty ap. lookup char *name, char **line, int bywhat Find the given name and return its value in line. bywhat is one of _NG_KEYBYNAME, _NG_KEYBYUSER, or _NG_KEYBYHOST. getnetgrent int *retval, const char **host, const char **user, const char **domain *retval should be set to 0 for no more netgroup members and 1 other- wise. getnetgrent(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, 0 otherwise. innetgr int *retval, const char *grp, const char *host, const char *user, const char *domain *retval should be set to 1 for a successful match and 0 otherwise. setnetgrent const char *netgroup Methods for networks database getnetbyaddr struct netent **retval, uint32_t net, int type *retval should be set to a pointer to an internal static struct netent on success, NULL otherwise. getnetbyaddr(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, NULL otherwise. getnetbyname struct netent **retval, const char *name *retval should be set to a pointer to an internal static struct netent on success, NULL otherwise. getnetbyname(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, NULL otherwise. Methods for passwd and passwd_compat databases endpwent Empty ap. All methods for all sources are invoked for this method name. getpwent struct passwd **retval *retval should be set to a pointer to an internal static struct passwd on success, NULL otherwise. getpwent(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, NULL otherwise. getpwent_r int *retval, struct passwd *pw, char *buffer, size_t buflen, struct passwd **result *retval should be set to an appropriate errno(2) on failure. getpwent_r(3) returns 0 if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS or NS_NOTFOUND, and *retval otherwise. getpwnam struct passwd **retval, const char *name *retval should be set to a pointer to an internal static struct passwd on success, NULL otherwise. getpwnam(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, NULL otherwise. getpwnam_r int *retval, const char *name, struct passwd *pw, char *buffer, size_t buflen, struct passwd **result *retval should be set to an appropriate errno(2) on failure. getpwnam_r(3) returns 0 if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS or NS_NOTFOUND, and *retval otherwise. getpwuid struct passwd **retval, uid_t uid *retval should be set to a pointer to an internal static struct passwd on success, NULL otherwise. getpwuid(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, NULL otherwise. getpwuid_r int *retval, uid_t uid, struct passwd *pw, char *buffer, size_t buflen, struct passwd **result *retval should be set to an appropriate errno(2) on failure. getpwuid_r(3) returns 0 if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS or NS_NOTFOUND, and *retval otherwise. setpassent int *retval, int stayopen retval should be set to 0 on failure and 1 on success. All methods for all sources are invoked for this method name. setpwent Empty ap. All methods for all sources are invoked for this method name. Methods for shells database endusershell Empty ap. All methods for all sources are invoked for this method name. getusershell char **retval getusershell(3) returns *retval if nsdispatch() returns NS_SUCCESS, and 0 otherwise. setusershell Empty ap. All methods for all sources are invoked for this method name.
SEE ALSO
ld.elf_so(1), hesiod(3), stdarg(3), ypclnt(3), nsswitch.conf(5)
HISTORY
The nsdispatch routines first appeared in NetBSD 1.4. Support for dynam- ically-loaded modules first appeared in NetBSD 3.0.
AUTHORS
Luke Mewburn <lukem@NetBSD.org> wrote this freely distributable name-ser- vice switch implementation, using ideas from the ULTRIX svc.conf(5) and Solaris nsswitch.conf(4) manual pages. Support for dynamically-loaded modules was added by Jason Thorpe <thorpej@NetBSD.org>, based on code developed by the FreeBSD Project. NetBSD 9.0 January 4, 2015 NetBSD 9.0

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