LOGIN.CONF(5) NetBSD File Formats Manual LOGIN.CONF(5)
login.conf -- login class capability data base
The login.conf file describes the various attributes of login classes. A login class determines what styles of authentication are available as well as session resource limits and environment setup. While designed primarily for the login(1) program, it is also used by other programs, e.g., rexecd(8), which need to set up a user environment. The class to be used is normally determined by the class field in the password file (see passwd(5)). The class is used to look up a corre- sponding entry in the login.conf file. A special class called ``default'' will be used (if it exists) if the field in the password file is empty.
Refer to capfile(5) for a description of the file layout. An example entry is: classname|Description entry:\ :capability=value:\ :booleancapability:\ ... :lastcapability=value: All entries in the login.conf file are either boolean or use a `=' to separate the capability from the value. The types are described after the capability table. Name Type Default Description copyright file File containing additional copy- right information. (If the file exists, login(1) displays it before the welcome message.) coredumpsize size Maximum coredump size limit. cputime time CPU usage limit. datasize size Maximum data size limit. filesize size Maximum file size limit. host.allow string A comma-separated list of host name or IP address patterns from which a class is allowed access. Access is instead denied from any hosts preceded by `!'. Patterns can contain the sh(1)-style `*' and `?' wildcards. The host.deny entry is checked before host.allow. (Currently used only by sshd(8).) host.deny string A comma-separated list of host name or IP address patterns from which a class is denied access. Patterns as per host.allow, although a matched pattern that has been negated with `!' is ignored. (Currently used only by sshd(8).) hushlogin bool false Same as having a $HOME/.hushlogin file. See login(1). ignorenologin bool false Not affected by nologin files. login-retries number 10 Maximum number of login attempts allowed. login-backoff number 3 Number of login attempts after which to start random back-off. maxproc number Maximum number of processes. maxthread number Maximum number of threads. The first thread of each process is not counted against this. memorylocked size Maximum locked in core memory size limit. memoryuse size Maximum in core memoryuse size limit. minpasswordlen number The minimum length a local pass- word may be. Used by the passwd(1) utility. nologin file If the file exists it will be displayed and the login session will be terminated. openfiles number Maximum number of open file descriptors per process. passwordtime time Used by passwd(1) to set next password expiry date. password-warn time 2w If the user's password will expire within this length of time then warn the user of this. path path /bin /usr/bin Default search path. priority number Initial priority (nice) level. requirehome bool false Require home directory to login. sbsize size Maximum socket buffer size limit. setenv list Comma or whitespace separated list of environment variables and values to be set. Commas and whitespace can be escaped using \\. shell program Session shell to execute rather than the shell specified in the password file. The SHELL envi- ronment variable will contain the shell specified in the password file. stacksize size Maximum stack size limit. tc string A "continuation" entry, which must be the last capability pro- vided. More capabilities are read from the named entry. The capabilities given before tc override those in the entry invoked by tc. term string su Default terminal type if not able to determine from other means. umask number 022 Initial umask. Should always have a leading 0 to assure octal interpretation. See umask(2). welcome file /etc/motd File containing welcome message. login(1) displays this and sshd(8) sends this. The resource limit entries (coredumpsize, cputime, datasize, filesize, maxproc, memorylocked, memoryuse, openfiles, sbsize, and stacksize) actu- ally specify both the maximum and current limits (see getrlimit(2)). The current limit is the one normally used, although the user is permitted to increase the current limit to the maximum limit. The maximum and current limits may be specified individually by appending a `-max' or `-cur' to the capability name (e.g., openfiles-max and openfiles-cur). NetBSD will never define capabilities which start with x- or X-; these are reserved for external use (unless included through contributed soft- ware). The argument types are defined as: bool If the name is present, then the boolean value is true; other- wise, it is false. file Path name to a text file. list A comma or whitespace separated list of values. number A number. A leading 0x implies the number is expressed in hexadecimal. A leading 0 implies the number is expressed in octal. Any other number is treated as decimal. path A space separated list of path names. If a `~' is the first character in the path name, the `~' is expanded to the user's home directory. program A path name to program. size A number which expresses a size in bytes. It may have a trailing b to multiply the value by 512, a k to multiply the value by 1 K (1024), and a m to multiply the value by 1 M (1048576). time A time in seconds. A time may be expressed as a series of numbers which are added together. Each number may have a trailing character to represent time units: y Indicates a number of 365 day years. w Indicates a number of 7 day weeks. d Indicates a number of 24 hour days. h Indicates a number of 60 minute hours. m Indicates a number of 60 second minutes. s Indicates a number of seconds. For example, to indicate 1 and 1/2 hours, the following string could be used: 1h30m.
/etc/login.conf login class capability database /etc/login.conf.db hashed database built with cap_mkdb(1)
cap_mkdb(1), login(1), login_cap(3), capfile(5), ttys(5), ftpd(8), sshd(8)
The login.conf configuration file appeared in NetBSD 1.5. NetBSD 7.0 June 29, 2013 NetBSD 7.0
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