GROFF_WWW(7)                                                      GROFF_WWW(7)

       groff_www - groff macros for authoring web pages

       groff -mwww [ options ] file ...

       This  manual  page describes the GNU -mwww macro package, which is part
       of the groff document formatting system.  The manual  page  is  very  a
       basic  guide,  and the html device driver (grohtml) has been completely
       rewritten but still remains as in an alpha state.  It has been included
       into the distribution so that a lot of people have a chance to test it.
       Note that this macro file will be automatically called (via the troffrc
       file) if you use -Thtml.

       To  see  the hyperlinks in action, please format this man page with the
       grohtml device.

       Here is a summary of the functions found in this macro set.
       .JOBNAME            split output into multiple files
       .HX                 automatic heading level cut off;
                           $1 point for sections/headers
       .BCL                specify colours on a web page
       .BGIMG              specify background image
       .URL                create a url using two parameters
       .FTP                create an ftp reference
       .MTO                create a html email address
       .FTP                create an ftp reference
       .TAG                generate an html name
       .IMG                include an image file
       .PIMG               include png image
       .MPIMG              place png on the margin and
                           wrap text around it
       .HnS                begin heading
       .HnE                end heading
       .LK                 emit automatically collected links.
       .HR                 produce a horizontal rule
       .NHR                suppress automatic generation of rules.
       .HTL                only generate HTML title
       .HEAD               add data to <head> block
       .ULS                unorder list begin
       .ULE                unorder list end
       .OLS                ordered list begin
       .OLE                ordered list end
       .DLS                definition list begin
       .DLE                definition list end
       .LI                 insert a list item
       .DC                 generate a drop capital
       .HTML               pass an html raw request to the
                           device driver
       .CDS                code example begin
       .CDE                code example end

       Output of the pic, eqn, refer, and tbl preprocessors is  acceptable  as

       .JOBNAME filename
              Split output into multiple HTML files.  A file is split whenever
              a .SH or .NH 1 is encountered.  Its argument is  the  file  stem
              name  for  future  output  files.   This option is equivalent to
              grohtml's -j option.

       .HX n  Specify the cut off depth when  generating  links  from  section
              headings.   For example, a parameter of 2 would cause grohtml to
              generate a list of links for .NH 1 and .NH 2 but not for  .NH 3.

                     .HX 0

              will  tell  grohtml  that  no heading links should be created at
              all.  Another method for turning automatic headings  off  is  by
              issuing the the command line switch -P-l to groff.

       .BCL foreground background active not-visited visited
              This macro takes five parameters: foreground, background, active
              hypertext link, hypertext link  not  yet  visited,  and  visited
              hypertext link colour.

       .BGIMG imagefile
              the only parameter to this macro is the background image file.

       .URL url [description] [after]
              generates  a  URL using either one, two or three arguments.  The
              first parameter is the actual URL, the second is the name of the
              link,  and the third is optional stuff to be printed immediately
              afterwards.  If description and after are absent  then  the  url
              becomes the anchor text.  Hyphenation is disabled while printing
              the actual URL; explicit breakpoints should be inserted with the
              \: escape.  Here is how to encode foo <>:

                     .URL http://\:foo.\:org/ foo :

              If  this  is  processed by a device other than -Thtml it appears

                     foo <>:

              The URL macro can be of any type; for example we can reference
              Eric Raymond's pic guide <pic.html> by:

                     .URL pic.html "Eric Raymond's pic guide"

       .MTO address [description] [after]
              Generate  an email html reference.  The first argument is manda-
              tory as the email address.  The optional second argument is  the
              text  you  see  in  your  browser If an empty argument is given,
              address is used instead.  An optional third  argument  is  stuff
              printed  immediately  afterwards.  Hyphenation is disabled while
              printing the  actual  email  address.   For  example,  Joe  User
              <> was achieved by the following macro:

                     .MTO "Joe User"

              Note that all the URLs actually are treated as consuming no tex-
              tual space in groff.  This could be considered as a bug since it
              causes  some  problems.   To circumvent this, www.tmac inserts a
              zero-width character which expands to a harmless space (only  if
              run with -Thtml).

       .FTP url [description] [after]
              indicates that data can be obtained via ftp.  The first argument
              is the url and the second is the browser text.   A  third  argu-
              ment, similar to the macros above, is intended for stuff printed
              immediately afterwards.  The second and the third parameter  are
              optional.   Hyphenation  is  disabled  while printing the actual
              URL.  As an example, here the location of the GNU ftp server
              <>.  The macro example above was specified by:

                     .FTP ftp://\ "GNU ftp server" .

       .TAG name
              Generates an html name tag from its argument.  This can then  be
              referenced using the URL <#URL> macro.  As you can see, you must
              precede the tag name with # since it is a local reference.  This
              link  was  achieved  via  placing  a  TAG in the URL description
              above; the source looks like this:

                     .B URL
                     .TAG URL
                     a URL using either two or three arguments.

       .IMG [-R|-L|-C] filename [width] [height]
              Include a picture into the document.  The first argument is  the
              horizontal  location:  right,  left,  or center (-R, -L, or -C).
              Alignment is centered by default (-C).  The second  argument  is
              the  filename.   The optional third and fourth arguments are the
              width and height.  If the width is absent it defaults to 1 inch.
              If  the  height  is  absent it defaults to the width.  This maps
              onto an html img tag.  If you are including a png image then  it
              is advisable to use the PIMG macro.

       .PIMG [-R|-L|-C] filename [width [height]]
              Include  an  image  in PNG format.  This macro takes exactly the
              same parameters as the IMG macro; it has the advantage of  work-
              ing with postscript and html devices also since it can automati-
              cally convert the image into the EPS format, using the following
              programs  of the netpbm package: pngtopnm, pnmcrop, and pnmtops.
              If the document isn't processed with -Thtml it is  necessary  to
              use the -U option of groff.

       .MPIMG [-R|-L] [-G gap] filename [width [height]]
              Place  a  PNG  image on the margin and wrap text around it.  The
              first parameters are optional.  The alignment: left or right (-L
              or -R) specifies the margin where the picture is placed at.  The
              default alignment is left (-L).  Optionally, -G gap can be  used
              to  arrange  a  gap  between the picture and the text that wraps
              around it.  The default gap width is zero.
              The first non-optional argument is the filename.   The  optional
              following  arguments  are the width and height.  If the width is
              absent it defaults to 1  inch.   If  the  height  is  absent  it
              defaults to the width.  Example:

                     .MPIMG -L -G 2c foo.png 3c 1.5c

              The height and width may also be given as percentages. The Post-
              Script device calculates the width from the .l register and  the
              height from the .p register. For example:

                     .MPIMG -L -G 2c foo.png 15%

       .HnS n Begin  heading.  The numeric heading level n is specified by the
              first parameter.  Use this macro if your headings  contain  URL,
              FTP or MTO macros.  Example:

                     .HnS 1
                     GNU Troff
                     .URL (Groff)
                     -- a
                     .URL GNU
                     Hosted by
                     .URL FFII .

              In  this case you might wish to disable automatic links to head-
              ings.  This can be done via -P-l from the command line.

       .HnE   End heading.

       .LK    Force grohtml to place the automatically generated links at this
              position.   If  this  manual page has been processed with -Thtml
              those links can be seen right here.

       .HR    Generate a full-width horizontal rule for -Thtml.  No effect for
              all other devices.

       .NHR   Suppress  generation  of  the top and bottom rules which grohtml
              emits by default.

       .HTL   Generate an HTML title only.  This differs from the TL macro  of
              the  ms  macro package which generates both an HTML title and an
              <H1> heading.  Use it to provide an HTML title as search  engine
              fodder  but  a  graphic title in the document.  The macro termi-
              nates when a space or break is seen (.sp, .br).

       .HEAD  Add arbitrary HTML data to the <head>  block.   Ignored  if  not
              processed with -Thtml.  Example:

                     .HEAD "<link \
                       rel=""icon"" \
                       type=""image/png"" \

       .HTML  All  text after this macro is treated as raw html.  If the docu-
              ment is processed without -Thtml  then  the  macro  is  ignored.
              Internally,  this  macro  is  used as a building block for other
              higher-level macros.

              For example, the BGIMG macro is defined as

                     .de BGIMG
                     .   HTML <body background=\$1>

       .DC l text [color]
              Produce a drop capital.  The first parameter is the letter to be
              dropped  and enlarged, the second parameter text is the ajoining
              text whose height the  first  letter  should  not  exceed.   The
              optional third parameter is the color of the dropped letter.  It
              defaults to black.

       .CDS   Start displaying a code section in constant width font.

       .CDE   End code display

       By default grohtml generates links to all section headings  and  places
       these  at the top of the html document. (See LINKS <#LK> for details of
       how to switch this off or alter the position).

       tbl information is currently rendered as a PNG image.


       groff(1), troff(1) grohtml(1), netpbm(1)

       grohtml was written by Gaius Mulley <>

       Report bugs to the Groff Bug Mailing List <>.  Include
       a complete, self-contained example that will allow the bug to be repro-
       duced, and say which version of groff you are using.

Groff Version 1.19.2           September 4, 2005                  GROFF_WWW(7)

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