GETTYTAB(5)               NetBSD File Formats Manual               GETTYTAB(5)

     gettytab -- terminal configuration data base


     The gettytab file is a simplified version of the capfile(5) data base
     used to describe terminal lines.  The initial terminal login process
     getty(8) accesses the gettytab file each time it starts, allowing simpler
     reconfiguration of terminal characteristics.  Each entry in the data base
     is used to describe one class of terminals.

     Where to run getty(8) processes is normally defined by ttys(5).

     There is a default terminal class, default, that is used to set global
     defaults for all other classes.  (That is, the default entry is read,
     then the entry for the class required is used to override particular set-
     tings.)  The default entry is also normally read by other programs that
     present login prompts to the user, such as telnetd(8), in order to
     retrieve the values of the he, hn, im, and if capabilities.

     Refer to capfile(5) for a description of the file layout.  The `Default'
     column below lists defaults obtained if there is no entry in the table
     obtained, nor one in the special default table.

     Name    Type    Default           Description
     ab      bool    false             Auto-baud speed select mechanism for
                                       the Micom 600 portselector. Selection
                                       is done by looking at how the character
                                       `\r' is garbled at 300, 1200, 4800, and
                                       9600 baud.
     al      str     NULL              user to auto-login instead of prompting
     ap      bool    false             terminal uses any parity
     bk      str     \377              alternative end of line character
                                       (input break) (VEOL)
     b2      str     \377              alternative end of line character
                                       (input break) (VEOL2)
     c0      num     unused            tty control flags to write messages
     c1      num     unused            tty control flags to read login name
     c2      num     unused            tty control flags to leave terminal as
     ce      bool    false             use CRT erase algorithm
     ck      bool    false             use CRT kill algorithm
     cl      str     NULL              screen clear sequence
     co      bool    false             console - add `\r\n' after login prompt
     cs      bool    false             clear screen based on terminal type in
     ds      str     `^Y'              delayed suspend character (VDSUSP)
     dx      bool    false             set DECCTLQ
     ec      bool    false             leave echo OFF
     ep      bool    false             terminal uses even parity
     er      str     `^?'              erase character (VERASE)
     et      str     `^D'              end of text (VEOF) character
     ev      str     NULL              initial environment
     f0      num     unused            tty mode flags to write messages
     f1      num     unused            tty mode flags to read login name
     f2      num     unused            tty mode flags to leave terminal as
     fl      str     `^O'              output flush character (VDISCARD)
     hc      bool    false             do NOT hangup line on last close
     he      str     NULL              hostname editing string
     hn      str     hostname          hostname
     ht      bool    false             terminal has real tabs
     i0      num     unused            tty input flags to write messages
     i1      num     unused            tty input flags to read login name
     i2      num     unused            tty input flags to leave terminal as
     if      str     NULL              display named file before prompt, like
     ig      bool    false             ignore garbage characters in login name
     im      str     NULL              initial (banner) message
     in      str     `^C'              interrupt character (VINTR)
     is      num     unused            input speed
     kl      str     `^U'              kill character (VKILL)
     l0      num     unused            tty local flags to write messages
     l1      num     unused            tty local flags to read login name
     l2      num     unused            tty local flags to leave terminal as
     lc      bool    false             terminal has lower case
     lm      str     login:            login prompt
     ln      str     `^V'              `literal next' character (VLNEXT)
     lo      str     /usr/bin/login    program to exec when name obtained
     mb      bool    false             do flow control based on carrier
     nl      bool    false             terminal has (or might have) a newline
     nn      bool    false             do not prompt for a login name
     np      bool    false             terminal uses no parity (i.e. 8-bit
     nx      str     default           next table (for auto speed selection)
     o0      num     unused            tty output flags to write messages
     o1      num     unused            tty output flags to read login name
     o2      num     unused            tty output flags to leave terminal as
     op      bool    false             terminal uses odd parity
     os      num     unused            output speed
     pc      str     `\0'              pad character
     pe      bool    false             use printer (hard copy) erase algorithm
     pf      num     0                 delay between first prompt and
                                       following flush (seconds)
     pp      str     unused            PPP authentication program
     ps      bool    false             line connected to a MICOM port selector
     qu      str     `^\'              quit character (VQUIT)
     rp      str     `^R'              line retype character (VREPRINT)
     rw      bool    false             do NOT use RAW for input, use CBREAK
     sp      num     unused            line speed (input and output)
     st      str     `^T'              status character (VSTATUS)
     su      str     `^Z'              suspend character (VSUSP)
     tc      str     none              table continuation
     to      num     0                 timeout (seconds)
     tt      str     NULL              terminal type (for environment)
     ub      bool    false             do unbuffered output (of prompts etc)
     we      str     `^W'              word erase character (VWERASE)
     xc      bool    false             do NOT echo control chars as `^X'
     xf      str     `^S'              XOFF (stop output) character (VSTOP)
     xn      str     `^Q'              XON (start output) character (VSTART)

     The following capabilities are no longer supported by getty(8):

     bd      num     0                 backspace delay
     cb      bool    false             use CRT backspace mode
     cd      num     0                 carriage-return delay
     fd      num     0                 form-feed (vertical motion) delay
     nd      num     0                 newline (line-feed) delay
     uc      bool    false             terminal is known upper case only

     If no line speed is specified, speed will not be altered from that which
     prevails when getty is entered.  Specifying an input or output speed will
     override line speed for stated direction only.

     Terminal modes to be used for the output of the message, for input of the
     login name, and to leave the terminal set as upon completion, are derived
     from the boolean flags specified.  If the derivation should prove inade-
     quate, any (or all) of these three may be overridden with one of the c0,
     c1, c2, i0, i1, i2, l0, l1, l2, o0, o1, or o2 numeric specifications,
     which can be used to specify (usually in octal, with a leading `0') the
     exact values of the flags.  These flags correspond to the termios
     c_cflag, c_iflag, c_lflag, and c_oflag fields, respectively.  Each these
     sets must be completely specified to be effective.  The f0, f1, and f2
     are excepted for backwards compatibility with a previous incarnation of
     the TTY sub-system.  In these flags the bottom 16 bits of the (32 bits)
     value contain the sgttyb sg_flags field, while the top 16 bits represent
     the local mode word.

     Should getty(8) receive a null character (presumed to indicate a line
     break) it will restart using the table indicated by the nx entry.  If
     there is none, it will re-use its original table.

     Delays are specified in milliseconds, the nearest possible delay avail-
     able in the tty driver will be used.  Should greater certainty be
     desired, delays with values 0, 1, 2, and 3 are interpreted as choosing
     that particular delay algorithm from the driver.

     The cl screen clear string may be preceded by a (decimal) number of mil-
     liseconds of delay required (a la termcap).  This delay is simulated by
     repeated use of the pad character pc.

     The initial message im, and login message lm may include any of the fol-
     lowing character sequences, which expand to information about the envi-
     ronment in which getty(8) is running.

     %d    The current date.

     %h    The hostname of the machine, which is normally obtained from the
           system using gethostname(3), but may also be overridden by the hn
           table entry.  In either case it may be edited with the he string.
           A `@' in the he string causes one character from the real hostname
           to be copied to the final hostname.  A `#' in the he string causes
           the next character of the real hostname to be skipped.  Each char-
           acter that is neither `@' nor `#' is copied into the final host-
           name.  Surplus `@' and `#' characters are ignored.

     %t    The tty name.

     %m, %r, %s, %v
           The type of machine, release of the operating system, name of the
           operating system, and version of the kernel, respectively, as
           returned by uname(3).

     %%    A `%' character.

     When getty execs the login process, given in the lo string (usually
     ``/usr/bin/login''), it will have set the environment to include the ter-
     minal type, as indicated by the tt string (if it exists).  The ev string,
     can be used to enter additional data into the environment.  It is a list
     of comma separated strings, each of which will presumably be of the form

     If a non-zero timeout is specified, with to, then getty will exit within
     the indicated number of seconds, either having received a login name and
     passed control to login(1), or having received an alarm signal, and
     exited.  This may be useful to hangup dial in lines.

     Output from getty(8) is even parity unless op or np is specified.  The op
     string may be specified with ap to allow any parity on input, but gener-
     ate odd parity output.  Note: this only applies while getty is being run,
     terminal driver limitations prevent a more complete implementation.
     getty(8) does not check parity of input characters in RAW mode.

     If pp string is specified and a Point to Point Protocol (PPP) link
     bringup sequence is recognized, getty(8) will invoke the program refer-
     enced by the pp string, e.g. pppd(8).  This can be used to handle incom-
     ing PPP calls.

     login(1), gethostname(3), uname(3), capfile(5), ttys(5), getty(8),
     pppd(8), telnetd(8)

     The gettytab file format appeared in 4.2BSD.

     The special characters (erase, kill, etc.) are reset to system defaults
     by login(1).  In all cases, `#' or `^H' typed in a login name will be
     treated as an erase character, and `@' will be treated as a kill charac-

     The delay stuff is a real crock.  Apart from its general lack of flexi-
     bility, some of the delay algorithms are not implemented.  The terminal
     driver should support sane delay settings.

     The he capability is stupid.

NetBSD 9.0                       April 5, 2012                      NetBSD 9.0

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