ALLOCA(3)               NetBSD Library Functions Manual              ALLOCA(3)


NAME
alloca -- memory allocator
LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
SYNOPSIS
#include <stdlib.h> void * alloca(size_t size);
DESCRIPTION
The alloca() function allocates size bytes of space in the stack frame of the caller. This temporary space is automatically freed on return.
RETURN VALUES
The alloca() function returns a pointer to the beginning of the allocated space. If the allocation failed, a NULL pointer is returned.
SEE ALSO
cc(1), brk(2), calloc(3), getpagesize(3), malloc(3), realloc(3), security(7)
CAVEATS
Few limitations can be mentioned: The alloca() function is not part of any C standard and its use is not portable. The alloca() function should be supplied by the compiler because the compiler is allowed to make assumptions about the stack and frame pointers. The libc alloca() implementation cannot account for those assumptions. While there is a machine dependent implementation of alloca() in libc, its use is discouraged and in most cases it will not work. Using this implementation will produce linker warnings. The alloca() function is unsafe because it cannot ensure that the pointer returned points to a valid and usable block of memory. The allocation made may exceed the bounds of the stack, or even go fur- ther into other objects in memory, and alloca() cannot determine such an error. For that all alloca() allocations should be bounded and limited to a small size. Since alloca() modifies the stack at runtime and the stack usage of each function frame cannot be predicted, it makes many compiler secu- rity features (such as cc(1) -fstack-protector) useless for the call- ing function. See security(7) for a discussion. NetBSD 7.0 October 24, 2012 NetBSD 7.0

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