WICONFIG(8)             NetBSD System Manager's Manual             WICONFIG(8)

     wiconfig - configure WaveLAN/IEEE devices

     wiconfig interface [-o] [-D] [-e 0|1] [-k key [-v 1|2|3|4]] [-t tx rate]
              [-n network name] [-s station name] [-c 0|1] [-q SSID]
              [-p port type] [-a access point density] [-m MAC address]
              [-d max data length] [-r RTS threshold] [-f frequency] [-A 0|1]
              [-M 0|1] [-P 0|1] [-R 1|3] [-S max sleep duration] [-T 1|2|3|4]

     The wiconfig command controls the operation of WaveLAN/IEEE wireless net-
     working devices via the wi(4) and awi(4) drivers.  The wiconfig command
     can also be used to view the current settings of these parameters and to
     dump out the values of the card's statistics counters.

     Most of the parameters that can be changed relate to the IEEE 802.11 pro-
     tocol which the WaveLAN implements.  This includes the station name,
     whether the station is operating in ad-hoc (point to point) or BSS (ser-
     vice set) mode, and the network name of a service set to join (IBSS) if
     BSS mode is enabled.

     The iface argument given to wiconfig should be the logical interface name
     associated with the WaveLAN/IEEE device (e.g. wi0, wi1, etc.).

     With no extra options, wiconfig will display the current settings of the
     specified WaveLAN/IEEE interface.

     The options are as follows:

     -o          Print out the statistics counters instead of the card set-
                 tings.  Note that, however, the statistics will only be up-
                 dated every minute or so.

     -D          This forces the driver to initiate one round of access point
                 scanning.  All of the access points found are displayed.

     -e 0|1      Enable or disable Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) encryption.
                 Permitted values are 0 (encryption disabled) or 1 (encryption
                 enabled).  Encryption is off by default.

     -k key [-v 1|2|3|4]
                 Set WEP encryption keys.  There are four default encryption
                 keys that can be programmed.  A specific key can be set using
                 the -v flag.  If the -v flag is not specified, the first key
                 will be set.

                 Encryption keys can either be ASCII text (e.g. "hello") or a
                 series of hexadecimal digits (e.g. "0x1234512345").

                 For WaveLAN Silver cards, the key is restricted to 40 bits,
                 hence the key can be either a 5-character text string or 10
                 hexadecimal digits.  For WaveLAN Gold cards, the key can be
                 up to 104 bits, which means the key can be specified as ei-
                 ther a 13-character text string or 26 hexadecimal digits.

                 The key will be combined with the 24-bit IV to consist the
                 seed for RC4 in either case.

     -T 1|2|3|4  Specify which of the four WEP encryption keys will be used to
                 encrypt transmitted packets.

     -t tx rate  Set the transmit rate of the specified interface.  The legal
                 values for the transmit rate vary depending on whether the
                 interface is a standard WaveLAN/IEEE or a WaveLAN/IEEE Turbo
                 adapter.  The standard NICs support a maximum transmit rate
                 of 2Mbps while the turbo NICs support a maximum speed of
                 6Mbps.  The following table shows the legal transmit rate
                 settings and the corresponding transmit speeds:

                       TX rate     NIC speed
                       1           Fixed Low (1Mbps)
                       2           Fixed Standard (2Mbps)
                       3           Auto Rate Select (High)
                       4           Fixed Medium (4Mbps)
                       5           Fixed High (6Mbps)
                       6           Auto Rate Select (Standard)
                       7           Auto Rate Select (Medium)
                       11          Fixed Turbo (11Mbps)

                 The standard NICs support only settings 1 through 3.  Turbo
                 NICs support all the above listed speed settings.  The de-
                 fault driver setting is 3 (auto rate select).

     -n network name
                 Set the name of the service set (IBSS) that this station
                 wishes to join.  The network name can be any text string up
                 to 30 characters in length.  The default name is the empty
                 string which should allow the station to connect to the first
                 available access point.  The interface should be set for BSS
                 mode using the -p flag in order for this to work.

     -s station name
                 Sets the station name for the specified interface.  The
                 station name is used for diagnostic purposes.  The Lucent
                 WaveMANAGER software can poll the names of remote hosts.

     -c 0|1      [Lucent only] Allow the station to create a service set (IB-
                 SS).  Permitted values are 0 (don't create IBSS) and 1 (en-
                 able creation of IBSS).  The default is 0.

                 This option requires WaveLAN firmware revision 6.04 or later
                 to work.

     -q SSID     Specify the name of an IBSS (SSID) to create on a given in-
                 terface.  The SSID can be any text string up to 30 characters

                 This option requires WaveLAN firmware revision 6.04 or later
                 to work.

     -p port type
                 Set the port type for a specified interface.  The legal val-
                 ues for port type are 1 (BSS mode) and 3 (ad-hoc) mode.  The
                 default setting is 1 (BSS mode).

                 In ad-hoc mode, the station can communicate directly with any
                 other stations within direct radio range (provided that they
                 are also operating in ad-hoc mode).

                 In BSS mode, hosts must associate with a service set con-
                 trolled by an access point, which relays traffic between end

     -a access_point_density
                 Specify the access point density for a given interface.  Le-
                 gal values are 1 (low), 2 (medium) and 3 (high).  This set-
                 ting influences some of the radio modem threshold settings.

     -m MAC address
                 Set the station address for the specified interface.  The MAC
                 address is specified as a series of six hexadecimal values
                 separated by colons, e.g. 00:60:1d:12:34:56.  This programs
                 the new address into the card and updates the interface as

     -d max_data_length
                 Set the maximum receive and transmit frame size for a speci-
                 fied interface.  The max data length can be any number from
                 256 to 2346.  The default is 2304.

     -r RTS threshold
                 Set the RTS/CTS threshold for a given interface.  This con-
                 trols the number of bytes used for the RTS/CTS handshake
                 boundary.  The RTS threshold can be any value between 0 and
                 2347.  The default is 2347, which indicates RTS/CTS mechanism
                 never to be used.

     -f frequency
                 Set the radio frequency of a given interface.  The frequency
                 should be specified as a channel ID as shown in the table be-
                 low.  The list of available frequencies is dependent on radio
                 regulations specified by regional authorities.  Recognized
                 regulatory authorities include the FCC (United States), ETSI
                 (Europe), France and Japan.  Frequencies in the table are
                 specified in MHz.

                       Channel ID    FCC    ETSI    France    Japan
                       1             2412   2412    -         2412
                       2             2417   2417    -         2417
                       3             2422   2422    -         2422
                       4             2427   2427    -         2427
                       5             2432   2432    -         2432
                       6             2437   2437    -         2437
                       7             2442   2442    -         2442
                       8             2447   2447    -         2447
                       9             2452   2452    -         2452
                       10            2457   2457    2457      2457
                       11            2462   2462    2462      2462
                       12            -      2467    2467      2467
                       13            -      2472    2472      2472
                       14            -      -       -         2484

                 If an illegal channel is specified, the NIC will revert to
                 its default channel.

                 For NICs sold in the United States and Europe, the default
                 channel is 3.

                 For NICs sold in France, the default channel is 11.

                 For NICs sold in Japan, the default channel is 14, and it is
                 the only available channel for pre-11Mbps NICs.

                 Note that two stations must be set to the same channel in or-
                 der to communicate.

     -A 0|1      [Prism2 only] Sets the authentication type for a given inter-
                 face.  Permitted values are 1 (Open System Authentication) or
                 2 (Shared Key Authentication).  The default is 1.

                 Note: It is not valid to enable Shared Key Authentication
                 when no valid WEP keys have been defined.

     -M 0|1      Enable or disable "microwave oven robustness" on a given in-

     -P 0|1      Enable or disable power management on a given interface.  En-
                 abling power management uses an alternating sleep/wake proto-
                 col to help conserve power on mobile stations, at the cost of
                 some increased receive latency.  Power management is off by

                 Power management requires the cooperation of an access point
                 in order to function; it is not functional in ad-hoc mode.

                 Power management is only implemented in Lucent WavePOINT
                 firmware version 2.03 or later, and in WaveLAN PCMCIA adapter
                 firmware 2.00 or later.  Older revisions will silently ignore
                 the power management setting.  Legal values for this parame-
                 ter are 0 (off) and 1 (on).

     -R 1|3      Enable or disable roaming function on a given interface.  The
                 legal values are 1 (Roaming handled by firmware) and 3 (Roam-
                 ing Disabled).  The default is 1.

     -S max sleep interval
                 Specify the sleep interval to use when power management is
                 enabled.  The max sleep interval is specified in millisec-
                 onds.  The default is 100.

     awi(4), wi(4), ifconfig(8)

     The wiconfig command first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0, as wicontrol.  It was
     added to NetBSD 1.5 under its present name.

     The wiconfig command was written by Bill Paul <wpaul@ctr.columbia.edu>.

NetBSD 1.6                     January 11, 2001                              4

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