USBDI(9)               NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual               USBDI(9)

NAME
     usbdi -- USB device drivers interface

SYNOPSIS
     #include <dev/usb/usb.h>
     #include <dev/usb/usbdi.h>
     #include <dev/usb/usbdi_util.h>

   Functions offered by usbdi.h
     usbd_status
     usbd_open_pipe(struct usbd_interface *iface, uint8_t address,
         uint8_t flags, struct usbd_pipe **pipe);

     usbd_status
     usbd_close_pipe(struct usbd_pipe *pipe);

     usbd_status
     usbd_transfer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer);

     struct usbd_xfer *
     usbd_setup_xfer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer, void *priv, void *buffer,
         uint32_t length, uint16_t flags, uint32_t timeout, usbd_callback);

     void
     usbd_setup_default_xfer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer, struct usbd_device *dev,
         void *priv, uint32_t timeout, usb_device_request_t *req,
         void *buffer, uint32_t length, uint16_t flags, usbd_callback);

     void
     usbd_setup_isoc_xfer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer, void *priv,
         uint16_t *frlengths, uint32_t nframes, uint16_t flags,
         usbd_callback);

     void
     usbd_get_xfer_status(struct usbd_xfer *xfer, void **priv, void **buffer,
         uint32_t *count, usbd_status *status);

     usb_endpoint_descriptor_t *
     usbd_interface2endpoint_descriptor(struct usbd_interface *iface,
         uint8_t address);

     usbd_status
     usbd_abort_pipe(struct usbd_pipe *pipe);

     usbd_status
     usbd_abort_default_pipe(struct usbd_device *dev);

     usbd_status
     usbd_clear_endpoint_stall(struct usbd_pipe *pipe);

     usbd_status
     usbd_clear_endpoint_stall_async(struct usbd_pipe *pipe);

     void
     usbd_clear_endpoint_toggle(struct usbd_pipe *pipe);

     usbd_status
     usbd_endpoint_count(struct usbd_interface *dev, uint8_t *count);

     usbd_status
     usbd_interface_count(struct usbd_device *dev, uint8_t *count);

     usbd_status
     usbd_interface2device_handle(struct usbd_interface *iface,
         struct usbd_device **dev);

     usbd_status
     usbd_device2interface_handle(struct usbd_device *dev, uint8_t ifaceno,
         struct usbd_interface **iface);

     struct usbd_device *
     usbd_pipe2device_handle(struct usbd_pipe *pipe);

     int
     usbd_create_xfer(struct usbd_pipe *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags,
         unsigned int nframes, struct usbd_xfer **xp);

     void
     usbd_destroy_xfer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer);

     void *
     usbd_get_buffer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer);

     usbd_status
     usbd_sync_transfer(struct usbd_xfer *req);

     usbd_status
     usbd_sync_transfer_sig(struct usbd_xfer *req);

     usbd_status
     usbd_open_pipe_intr(struct usbd_interface *iface, uint8_t address,
         uint8_t flags, struct usbd_pipe **pipe, void *priv, void *buffer,
         uint32_t length, usbd_callback callback, int interval);

     usbd_status
     usbd_do_request(struct usbd_device *dev, usb_device_request_t *req,
         void *data);

     usbd_status
     usbd_do_request_flags(struct usbd_device *dev, usb_device_request_t *req,
         void *data, uint16_t flags, int *actlen, uint32_t timo);

     usb_interface_descriptor_t *
     usbd_get_interface_descriptor(struct usbd_interface *iface);

     usb_config_descriptor_t *
     usbd_get_config_descriptor(struct usbd_device *dev);

     usb_device_descriptor_t *
     usbd_get_device_descriptor(struct usbd_device *dev);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_interface(struct usbd_interface *iface, int altidx);

     int
     usbd_get_no_alts(usb_config_descriptor_t *iface, int ifaceno);

     usbd_status
     usbd_fill_deviceinfo(struct usbd_device *dev,
         struct usb_device_info *di);

     int
     usbd_get_interface_altindex(struct usbd_interface *iface);

     usb_endpoint_descriptor_t *
     usbd_get_endpoint_descriptor(struct usbd_interface *dev,
         uint8_t address);

     usb_interface_descriptor_t *
     usbd_find_idesc(usb_config_descriptor_t *cd, int iindex, int ano);

     usb_endpoint_descriptor_t *
     usbd_find_edesc(usb_config_descriptor_t *cd, int ifaceidx, int altidx,
         int endptidx);

     void
     usbd_dopoll(struct usbd_interface *iface);

     void
     usbd_set_polling(struct usbd_device *iface, int val);

     const char *
     usbd_errstr(usbd_status err);

     void
     usbd_add_dev_event(int type, struct usbd_device *iface);

     void
     usbd_add_drv_event(int type, struct usbd_device *iface, device_t dv);

     char *
     usbd_devinfo_alloc(struct usbd_device *iface, int showclass);

     void
     usbd_devinfo_free(char *str);

     const struct usbd_quirks *
     usbd_get_quirks(struct usbd_device *iface);

     usbd_status
     usbd_reload_device_desc(struct usbd_device *iface);

     int
     usbd_ratecheck(struct timeval *tv);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_string(struct usbd_device *iface, int si, char *buf);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_string0(struct usbd_device *iface, int si, char *buf,
         int unicode);

     void
     usb_desc_iter_init(struct usbd_device *iface, usbd_desc_iter_t *iter);

     const usb_descriptor_t *
     usb_desc_iter_next(usbd_desc_iter_t *iter);

     void
     usb_add_task(struct usbd_device *iface, struct usb_task *task,
         int queue);

     void
     usb_rem_task(struct usbd_device *iface, struct usb_task *task);

     void
     usb_init_task(struct usb_task *task, void (*func)(void *), void *arg,
         uint8_t, flags);

     const struct usb_devno *
     usb_lookup(const struct usb_devno *tbl, uint16_t vendor,
         uint16_t product);

   Obsolete functions
     The following functions have been obsoleted from usbdi.h.

     void *
     usbd_alloc_buffer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer, uint32_t size);

     void
     usbd_free_buffer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer);

   Utilities from usbdi_util.h
     Based on the routines in usbdi.h a number of utility functions have been
     defined that are accessible through usbdi_util.h.

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_desc(struct usbd_device *dev, int type, int index, int len,
         void *desc);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_config_desc(struct usbd_device *dev, int confidx,
         usb_config_descriptor_t *d);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_config_desc_full(struct usbd_device *, int dev, void *d,
         int size);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_device_desc(struct usbd_device *dev,
         usb_device_descriptor_t *d);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_address(struct usbd_device *dev, int addr);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_port_status(struct usbd_device *dev, int port,
         usb_port_status_t *ps);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_hub_feature(struct usbd_device *dev, int sel);

     usbd_status
     usbd_clear_hub_feature(struct usbd_device *dev, int sel);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_port_feature(struct usbd_device *dev, int port, int sel);

     usbd_status
     usbd_clear_port_feature(struct usbd_device *dev, int port, int sel);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_device_status(struct usbd_device *dev, usb_status_t *st);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_hub_status(struct usbd_device *dev, usb_hub_status_t *st);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_protocol(struct usbd_interface *dev, int report);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_report_descriptor(struct usbd_device *dev, int ifcno, int repid,
         int size, void *d);

     struct usb_hid_descriptor *
     usbd_get_hid_descriptor(struct usbd_interface *ifc);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_report(struct usbd_interface *iface, int type, int id,
         void *data, int len);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_report_async(struct usbd_interface *iface, int type, int id,
         void *data, int len);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_report(struct usbd_interface *iface, int type, int id,
         void *data, int len);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_idle(struct usbd_interface *iface, int duration, int id);

     usbd_status
     usbd_alloc_report_desc(struct usbd_interface *ifc, void **descp,
         int *sizep, int mem);

     usbd_status
     usbd_get_string_desc(struct usbd_device *dev, int sindex, int langid,
         usb_string_descriptor_t *sdesc);

     void
     usbd_delay_ms(struct usbd_device *dev, u_int ms);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_config_no(struct usbd_device *dev, int no, int msg);

     usbd_status
     usbd_set_config_index(struct usbd_device *dev, int index, int msg);

     usbd_status
     usbd_bulk_transfer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer, struct usbd_pipe *pipe,
         uint16_t flags, uint32_t timeout, void *buf, uint32_t *size);

     usbd_status
     usbd_intr_transfer(struct usbd_xfer *xfer, struct usbd_pipe *pipe,
         uint16_t flags, uint32_t timeout, void *buf, uint32_t *size);

     void
     usb_detach_waitold(device_t dv);

     void
     usb_detach_wakeupold(device_t dv);

     void
     usb_detach_wait(device_t dv, kcondvar_t *cv, kmutex_t *lk);

     void
     usb_detach_broadcast(device_t dv, kcondvar_t *cv);

DESCRIPTION
     Device driver access to the USB bus centers around transfers.  A transfer
     describes a communication with a USB device.  A transfer is an abstract
     concept that can result in several physical packets being transferred to
     or from a device.  A transfer is described by the struct usbd_xfer *
     cookie.  A pipe is a logical connection to a USB device.  It is described
     by the struct usbd_pipe * cookie.  See the TRANSFERS and PIPES sections
     for more details.

     There are a number of functions to obtain a handle, descriptor of
     resource count:

     usbd_device2interface_handle(dev, ifaceno, iface)
                 Fills in iface with the struct usbd_interface * for the USB
                 device dev on interface number ifaceno.

     usbd_interface2device_handle(iface, dev)
                 Fills in dev with the struct usbd_device * pointer for inter-
                 face iface.

     usbd_pipe2device_handle(pipe)
                 Returns the struct usbd_device * associated with pipe.

     usbd_interface2endpoint_descriptor(iface, address)
                 Returns the usb_endpoint_descriptor_t * for the particular
                 interface iface at address address.

     usbd_endpoint_count(dev, count)

     usbd_interface_count(dev, count)
                 Fills in count with the number of endpoint or interfaces the
                 USB device dev has.

     Error handling and other return values are described in usbd_status(9).

     Additional comments on particular functions:

     usbd_errstr(err)
                 Returns the string associated with err.

     usbd_add_dev_event(type, iface)
                 The type must be one of USB_EVENT_CTRLR_ATTACH,
                 USB_EVENT_CTRLR_DETACH, USB_EVENT_DEVICE_ATTACH and
                 USB_EVENT_DEVICE_DETACH.

     usbd_add_drv_event(type, iface, dv)
                 The type must be one of USB_EVENT_DRIVER_ATTACH and
                 USB_EVENT_DRIVER_DETACH.  The dv corresponds with the
                 device_t associated with the device attached or detached.

     usb_lookup(tbl, vendor, product)
                 Lookup a USB device.  The returned struct usb_devno pointer
                 has these members:
                       uint16_t ud_vendor;
                       uint16_t ud_product;
                 The USB_PRODUCT_ANY macro can be used to match any USB prod-
                 uct by a particular vendor.

PIPES
     Pipes are created and destroyed by using the usbd_open_pipe(),
     usbd_open_pipe_intr() and usbd_close_pipe() functions.  The open func-
     tions take the interface handle iface, the address of this pipe and flags
     for this pipe which currently may be 0, or a combination of
     USBD_EXCLUSIVE_USE, to enable exclusive access to this interface and
     address, and USBD_MPSAFE, to allow running transfer callbacks on this
     pipe without first acquiring kernel_lock.  The usbd_open_pipe_intr()
     takes additional arguments priv to set the default private handle.
     buffer and len to describe the buffer to be used, callback for the func-
     tion to call at interrupt time, and finally the interval for interrupts
     to be delivered in milliseconds.  The interval may be set to
     USBD_DEFAULT_INTERVAL use the default interval, specified by the ep.
     description.  It is common to have more than one pipe per device.

TRANSFERS
     Transfers are created and destroyed with usbd_create_xfer() and
     usbd_destroy_xfer(), respectively, and are associated with a pipe at
     their creation time.  The create function takes the pipe handle pipe, the
     length of the largest transfer possible len, possible transfer flags
     flags, the number of isochronous frames (or 0) in nframes.

     The data describing the transfer is filled by either
     usbd_setup_default_xfer() for control pipe transfers, by
     usbd_setup_xfer() for bulk and interrupt transfers, and by
     usbd_setup_isoc_xfer() for isochronous transfers.  Private data may be
     passed between setup and completion or status calls using the void *priv
     argument.

     Arguments to the setup functions include the newly allocated xfer, the
     private data priv, the timeout in milliseconds, for control, bulk and
     interrupt transfers buffer the data to transfer and its length and for
     isochronous transfers the frame length frlengths and number of frames
     nframes, and for default transfers a USB request structure req must be
     presented.  See the INITIALISING USB REQUESTS section for more details on
     USB requests.

     The transfer specific flags that can be set are:

     USBD_SYNCHRONOUS
                 Wait for completion

     USBD_SYNCHRONOUS_SIG
                 When waiting for completion, allow signals to trigger wake
                 up.

     USBD_SHORT_XFER_OK
                 Short reads are not an error

     USBD_FORCE_SHORT_XFER
                 Force last short packet on write

     The usbd_get_buffer() function returns the current kernel address for the
     buffer suitable for transfer in xfer.

     The usbd_open_pipe(), usbd_open_pipe_intr(), usbd_close_pipe(),
     usbd_alloc_xfer(), and usbd_free_xfer() can all sleep and should not be
     called from interrupt context as a result.

     Upon completion the callback function is called, which takes the com-
     pleted xfer, the private data priv originally assocated with this trans-
     fer, and status the status of this transfer.

     Transfers are initiated by calling usbd_transfer(), and their results
     made be later obtained by calling usbd_get_xfer_status, which fills in
     the private data priv, original buffer location buffer, the length
     length, and the status of this request.

     The usbd_bulk_transfer() and usbd_intr_transfer() functions are used to
     transfer data in either an interrupt or bulk fashion, and are front-ends
     to the usbd_setup_xfer(), usbd_transfer() and usbd_get_xfer_status(), as
     well as associated error handling.  The usbd_sync_transfer() is identical
     to usbd_transfer() with the USBD_SYNCHRONOUS flag set.  The
     usbd_sync_transfer_sig() is identical to usbd_transfer() with the
     USBD_SYNCHRONOUS and USBD_SYNCHRONOUS_SIG flags set.

     Transfers are aborted via this pipe with usbd_abort_pipe() and
     usbd_abort_default_pipe().

     The usbd_clear_endpoint_stall() and usbd_clear_endpoint_stall_async()
     functions are used to clear endpoint halt in either a synchronous or
     asynchronous fashion.  To clear the toggle state of an endpoint the
     usbd_clear_endpoint_toggle() function should be used.

     A request is described by a usb_device_request_t which must be ini-
     tialised as necessary before calling either usbd_do_request() or
     usbd_do_request_flags() to submit the request.  For both these functions
     dev is the handle of the USB device the request is for, req is the USB
     request, as described in the INITIALISING USB REQUESTS section, and then
     data is a buffer containing the data for the request.  For the
     usbd_do_request_flags() function there are additional flags passed to the
     usbd_setup function, actlen a pointer to fill in with the actual length
     of this request, and timo, the number of milliseconds to wait before tim-
     ing out this request.

INITIALISING USB REQUESTS
     There are 5 members of a usb_device_request_t that must be initialised:

           uByte bmRequestType;
           uByte bRequest;
           uWord wValue;
           uWord wIndex;
           uWord wLength;

     The first two are normal byte values that may be simply assigned, but the
     last three must be initialised with the USETW() macro.

     The bmRequestType holds the request type of this USB request, which
     describes the indended recipient of the request.

     This may be one of:
           UT_WRITE
           UT_READ

     with one of:
           UT_STANDARD
           UT_CLASS
           UT_VENDOR

     and with one of:
           UT_DEVICE
           UT_INTERFACE
           UT_ENDPOINT
           UT_OTHER

     These are also in combinations as:
           UT_READ_DEVICE
           UT_READ_INTERFACE
           UT_READ_ENDPOINT
           UT_WRITE_DEVICE
           UT_WRITE_INTERFACE
           UT_WRITE_ENDPOINT
           UT_READ_CLASS_DEVICE
           UT_READ_CLASS_INTERFACE
           UT_READ_CLASS_OTHER
           UT_READ_CLASS_ENDPOINT
           UT_WRITE_CLASS_DEVICE
           UT_WRITE_CLASS_INTERFACE
           UT_WRITE_CLASS_OTHER
           UT_WRITE_CLASS_ENDPOINT
           UT_READ_VENDOR_DEVICE
           UT_READ_VENDOR_INTERFACE
           UT_READ_VENDOR_OTHER
           UT_READ_VENDOR_ENDPOINT
           UT_WRITE_VENDOR_DEVICE
           UT_WRITE_VENDOR_INTERFACE
           UT_WRITE_VENDOR_OTHER
           UT_WRITE_VENDOR_ENDPOINT

     The bRequest describes which request is being made.  The available values
     are:
           UR_GET_STATUS
           UR_CLEAR_FEATURE
           UR_SET_FEATURE
           UR_SET_ADDRESS
           UR_GET_DESCRIPTOR
           UR_SET_DESCRIPTOR

     The wValue, wIndex and wLength are device-specific values and must be
     initialised with the USETW() macro.

USB REQUEST TYPES AND STRUCTURES
     The UR_GET_STATUS request operates on a usb_status_t structure, which has
     this member:
           uWord wStatus;

     For device status requests the wStatus member may have either of these
     bit flags set:
           UDS_SELF_POWERED
           UDS_REMOTE_WAKEUP

     For endpoint status requests the wStatus member may have this bit flag
     set:
           UES_HALT

     The UR_CLEAR_FEATURE and UR_SET_FEATURE requests clear or set special
     features on USB devices.  The values for wValue, wIndex and wLength
     depend upon the device and device type.

     The UR_SET_ADDRESS request sets the virtual USB address of a port using
     the wValue.

     The UR_GET_DESCRIPTOR and UR_SET_DESCRIPTOR requests operate on a
     usb_descriptor_t structure, which has these members:
           uByte bLength;
           uByte bDescriptorType;

     The bDescriptorType member may be one of the following values:
           UDESC_DEVICE
           UDESC_CONFIG
           UDESC_STRING
           UDESC_INTERFACE
           UDESC_ENDPOINT
           UDESC_DEVICE_QUALIFIER
           UDESC_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIGURATION
           UDESC_INTERFACE_POWER
           UDESC_OTG
           UDESC_DEBUG
           UDESC_INTERFACE_ASSOC
           UDESC_CS_DEVICE
           UDESC_CS_CONFIG
           UDESC_CS_STRING
           UDESC_CS_INTERFACE
           UDESC_CS_ENDPOINT
           UDESC_HUB

     The usbd_set_interface() function can be used to change the index used
     for transfers on this interface as obtained via
     usbd_device2interface_handle().

USB DEVICE DETACHMENT
     There are two functions available to ease the detach of active devices.
     Typically a reference count is maintained on syscall activity.  When a
     USB device is to be detached, the reference count should be decremented
     and if it is greater or equal to zero, usb_detach_wait() should be called
     on the dv associated with this USB device and, typically, a device-spe-
     cific condition variable cv.  and mutex lk protecting this reference
     count state.  At the end of each syscall function, if the reference count
     is decremented to less than zero, then usb_detach_broadcast() must be
     called on the dv and cv that is being waited on with usb_detach_wait().

     The are another pair of functions with similar functionality that do not
     use a condition variable or mutex and should be avoided in new code.  The
     usb_detach_waitold() function works like usb_detach_wait(), and the
     usb_detach_wakeupold() function works like usb_detach_broadcast().

USB TASK MANAGEMENT
     The USB stack provides a task management framework to execute tasks in a
     thread context at the soonest opportunity.  Typically this is used by
     network drivers to handle periodic updates or status change requests, or
     other operations that need to run in a normal context.

     The usb_init_task() function takes a pointer to a struct usb_task that
     will be initalised, a function to call for this task func, the argument
     to pass to func, arg, and the task flags flags.  If the flags argument is
     USB_TASKQ_MPSAFE, the func function will be called without first acquir-
     ing kernel_lock.

     To invoke the task callback the usb_add_task() function should be called
     with the iface associated with this device, the task structure task, and
     the queue to run against, either USB_TASKQ_HC for operations initiated by
     host controllers or USB_TASKQ_DRIVER for operations initiated by USB
     drivers.

     To deschedule a potentially running task the usb_rem_task() function
     should be called.

     The driver using these facilities is expected to provide the necessary
     serialisation between usb_init_task(), usb_add_task() and usb_rem_task()
     for each specific struct usb_task.

SEE ALSO
     usb(4), usbd_status(9)

HISTORY
     This usbdi interface first appeared in NetBSD 1.4.  The interface is
     based on an early definition from the OpenUSBDI group within the USB
     organisation.  Right after this definition the OpenUSBDI development got
     closed for open source developers, so this interface has not followed the
     further changes.  The OpenUSBDI specification is now available again, but
     looks different.

BUGS
     This manual is under development, so its biggest shortcoming is incom-
     pleteness.

NetBSD 7.0                      April 24, 2016                      NetBSD 7.0

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