UKFS(3)                 NetBSD Library Functions Manual                UKFS(3)

NAME
     ukfs -- user kernel file system library interface

LIBRARY
     ukfs Library (libukfs, -lukfs)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <rump/ukfs.h>

DESCRIPTION
     The ukfs library provides direct access to file systems without having to
     specially mount a file system.  Therefore, accessing a file system
     through ukfs requires no special kernel support apart from standard POSIX
     functionality.  As ukfs is built upon rump(3), all kernel file systems
     which are supported by rump are available.  It allows to write utilities
     for accessing file systems without having to duplicate file system inter-
     nals knowledge already present in kernel file system drivers.

     ukfs provides a high-level pathname based interface for accessing file
     systems.  If a lower level interface it desired, rump(3) should be used
     directly.  However, much like system calls, the interfaces of ukfs, are
     self-contained and require no tracking and release of resources.  The
     only exception is the file system handle struct ukfs which should be
     released after use.

INITIALIZATION
     int
     ukfs_init()

     int
     ukfs_modload(const char *fname)

     int
     ukfs_modload_dir(const char *dirname)

     ssize_t
     ukfs_vfstypes(char *buf, size_t buflen)

     struct ukfs *
     ukfs_mount(const char *vfsname, const char *devpath,
     const char *mounpath, int mntflags, void *arg, size_t alen)

     void
     ukfs_release(struct ukfs *ukfs, int flags)

     ukfs_init() intializes the library and must be called once per process
     using ukfs.

     ukfs_modload() is used at runtime to dynamically load a library which
     contains a file system module.  For this to succeed, the rump(3) library
     and the module targetted must be compiled with compatible kernel versions
     and the application must be dynamically linked.  Additionally, since this
     routine does not handle dependencies, all the dependencies of the library
     must be loaded beforehand.  The routine returns -1 for fatal error, 0 for
     dependency failure and 1 for success.

     ukfs_modload_dir() loads all rump(3) file system modules in directory
     dirname.  It looks for libraries which begin with librumpfs_ and end in
     .so.  The routine tries to handle dependencies by retrying to load
     libraries which failed due to dependencies.  ukfs_modload_dir() returns
     the number of vfs modules loaded or sets errno and returns -1 in case of
     a fatal error in directory searching.  In case a fatal error occurs after
     some modules have already been loaded, the number of loaded module is
     returned.  Fatal errors in loading the modules themselves are ignored and
     ukfs_modload() should be used directly if finegrained error reporting is
     desired.

     It should be noted that the above routines affect the whole process, not
     just a specific instance of ukfs.  It is preferable to call them from
     only one thread, as the underlying dynamic library interfaces may not be
     threadsafe.

     ukfs_vfstypes() queries the available file system types and returns a
     nul-terminated list of types separated by spaces in buf.  The format of
     the list is equivalent to the one returned by sysctl(3) on the name
     vfs.generic.fstypes.  The function returns the length of the string with-
     out the trailing nul or -1 for error.  Notably, the return value 0 means
     there are no file systems available.  If there is not enough room in the
     caller's buffer for all file system types, as many as fit will be
     returned.

     ukfs_mount() intializes a file system image.  The handle resulting from
     the operation is passed to all other routines and identifies the instance
     of the mount analoguous to what a pathname specifies in a normally
     mounted file system.  The parameters are the following:

           vfsname
                Name of the file system to be used, e.g.  MOUNT_FFS.

           devpath
                Path of file system image.  It can be either a regular file,
                device or, if the file system does not support the concept of
                a device, an abitrary string, e.g. network address.

           mountpath
                Path where the file system is mounted to.  This parameter is
                used only by the file system being mounted.  Most of the time
                UKFS_DEFAULTMP is the correct path.

           mntflags
                Flags as passed to the mount(2) system call, for example
                MNT_RDONLY.  In addition to generic parameters, file system
                specific parameters such as MNT_SOFTDEP (ffs) may be passed
                here.

           arg  File system private argument structure.  This is passed
                directly to the file system.  It must match what vfsname
                expects.

           alen
                Size of said structure.

     ukfs_release() releases the resources associated with ukfs.  If flags is
     UKFS_RELFLAG_NOUNMOUNT, the file system is not unmounted.  This is
     required if the file system has already been unmounted due to prior
     activity, otherwise 0 should be passed.

OPERATION
     int
     ukfs_chdir(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *path)

     int
     ukfs_getdents(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *dirname, off_t *off,
     uint8_t *buf, size_t bufsize)

     ssize_t
     ukfs_read(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, off_t off,
     uint8_t *buf, size_t bufsize)

     ssize_t
     ukfs_write(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, off_t off,
     uint8_t *buf, size_t bufsize)

     int
     ukfs_create(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, mode_t mode)

     int
     ukfs_mknod(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *path, mode_t mode, dev_t dev)

     int
     ukfs_mkfifo(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *path, mode_t mode)

     int
     ukfs_mkdir(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, mode_t mode)

     int
     ukfs_remove(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename)

     int
     ukfs_rmdir(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename)

     int
     ukfs_link(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, const char *f_create)

     int
     ukfs_symlink(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename,
     const char *linkname)

     ssize_t
     ukfs_readlink(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, char *linkbuf,
     size_t buflen)

     int
     ukfs_rename(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *from, const char *to)

     int
     ukfs_stat(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename,
     struct stat *file_stat)

     int
     ukfs_lstat(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename,
     struct stat *file_stat)

     int
     ukfs_chmod(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, mode_t mode)

     int
     ukfs_lchmod(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, mode_t mode)

     int
     ukfs_chown(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, uid_t uid, gid_t gid)

     int
     ukfs_lchown(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, uid_t uid,
     gid_t gid)

     int
     ukfs_chflags(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, u_long flags)

     int
     ukfs_lchflags(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename, u_long flags)

     int
     ukfs_utimes(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename,
     const struct timeval *tptr)

     int
     ukfs_lutimes(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *filename,
     const struct timeval *tptr)

     The above routines operate like their system call counterparts and the
     system call manual pages without the ukfs_ prefix should be referred to
     for further information on the parameters.

     The only call which modifies ukfs state is ukfs_chdir().  It works like
     chdir(2) in the sense that it affects the interpretation of relative
     paths.  If succesful, all relative pathnames will be resolved starting
     from the current directory.  Currently the call affects all accesses to
     that particular , but it might be later changed to be thread private.

UTILITIES
     int
     ukfs_util_builddirs(struct ukfs *ukfs, const char *pathname, mode_t mode)

     Builds a directory hierarchy.  Unlike mkdir, the pathname argument may
     contain multiple levels of hierarchy.  It is not considered an error if
     any of the directories specified exist already.

SEE ALSO
     rump(3)

HISTORY
     ukfs first appeared in NetBSD 5.0.

AUTHORS
     Antti Kantee <pooka@cs.hut.fi>

NOTES
     ukfs should be considered experimental technology and may change without
     warning.

NetBSD 5.1                     September 7, 2008                    NetBSD 5.1

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