TIME(1)                 NetBSD General Commands Manual                 TIME(1)

NAME
     time -- time command execution

SYNOPSIS
     time [-clp] command [argument ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The time utility executes and times command.  After the command finishes,
     time writes the total elapsed time (wall clock time), (``real''), the CPU
     time spent executing command at user level (``user''), and the CPU time
     spent executing in the operating system kernel (``sys''), to the standard
     error stream.  Times are reported in seconds.

     Available options:

     -c      Displays information in the format used by the time builtin of
             csh(1).

     -l      Lists resource utilization information.  The contents of the
             command process's rusage structure are printed; see below.

     -p      The output is formatted as specified by IEEE Std 1003.2-1992
             (``POSIX.2'').

     Some shells, such as csh(1) and ksh(1), have their own and syntactically
     different built-in version of time.  The utility described here is avail-
     able as /usr/bin/time to users of these shells.

   Resource Utilization
     If the -l option is given, the following resource usage information is
     displayed in addition to the timing information:
           maximum resident set size
           average shared memory size
           average unshared data size
           average unshared stack size
           page reclaims
           page faults
           swaps
           block input operations
           block output operations
           messages sent
           messages received
           signals received
           voluntary context switches
           involuntary context switches
     Resource usage is the total for the execution of command and any child
     processes it spawns, as per wait4(2).

FILES
     <sys/resource.h>

EXIT STATUS
     The time utility exits with one of the following values:

     1-125   An error occurred in the time utility.

     126     The command was found but could not be invoked.

     127     The command could not be found.

     Otherwise, the exit status of time will be that of command.

SEE ALSO
     csh(1), ksh(1), clock_gettime(2), getrusage(2)

STANDARDS
     The time utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.2-1992 (``POSIX.2'').

BUGS
     The granularity of seconds on microprocessors is crude and can result in
     times being reported for CPU usage which are too large by a second.

NetBSD 6.0                     November 9, 2011                     NetBSD 6.0

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