SYNC(2)                   NetBSD System Calls Manual                   SYNC(2)

NAME
     sync -- synchronize disk block in-core status with that on disk

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     void
     sync(void);

DESCRIPTION
     The sync() function forces a write of dirty (modified) buffers in the
     block buffer cache out to disk.  The kernel keeps this information in
     core to reduce the number of disk I/O transfers required by the system.
     As information in the cache is lost after a system crash, kernel thread
     ioflush ensures that dirty buffers are synced to disk eventually.  By
     default, a dirty buffer is synced after 30 seconds, but some filesystems
     exploit ioflush features to sync directory data and metadata faster
     (after 15 and 10 seconds, respectively).

     The function fsync(2) may be used to synchronize individual file descrip-
     tor attributes.

CAUTIONS
     Many modern disks contain write-back caches.  In theory sync() flushes
     these.  In practice there are many possible ways for this mechanism to go
     astray.  It is prudent (where possible) to allow a few seconds after
     syncing for everything to settle before e.g. turning off the power.

     It may also be desirable to use dkctl(8) or scsictl(8) to disable the
     write-back cache entirely.

SEE ALSO
     fsync(2), dkctl(8), scsictl(8), sync(8)

HISTORY
     A sync() function call appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.

     Historically, sync() would schedule buffers for writing but not actually
     wait for the writes to finish.  It was necessary to issue a second or
     sometimes a third call to ensure that all buffers had in fact been writ-
     ten out.  In NetBSD, sync() does not return until all buffers have been
     written.

NetBSD 6.0                      March 25, 2009                      NetBSD 6.0

You can also request any man page by name and (optionally) by section:

Command: 
Section: 
Architecture: 
Collection: 
 

Use the DEFAULT collection to view manual pages for third-party software.


©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@softlab.ntua.gr>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen