SWAPCTL(2)                NetBSD Programmer's Manual                SWAPCTL(2)

     swapctl - modify swap configuration

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <unistd.h>
     #include <sys/swap.h>

     swapctl(int cmd, const void *arg, int misc);

     The swapctl function is used to add and delete swap devices, and modify
     their configuration.

     The cmd parameter specifies the operation to be performed.  The arg and
     misc parameters have different meanings, depending on the cmd parameter.

           If cmd is SWAP_NSWAP, the current number of swap devices in the
           system is returned.  The arg and misc parameters are ignored.

           If cmd is SWAP_STATS, the current statistics for swap devices are
           returned in the arg parameter.  No more than misc swap devices are
           returned.  The arg parameter should point to an array of at least
           misc struct swapent structures:

           struct swapent {
                   dev_t   se_dev;                 /* device id */
                   int     se_flags;               /* entry flags */
                   int     se_nblks;               /* total blocks */
                   int     se_inuse;               /* blocks in use */
                   int     se_priority;            /* priority */
                   char    se_path[PATH_MAX+1];    /* path to entry */

           The flags are defined as

                   SWF_INUSE       in use: we have swapped here
                   SWF_ENABLE      enabled: we can swap here
                   SWF_BUSY        busy: I/O happening here
                   SWF_FAKE        fake: still being built

           If cmd is SWAP_ON, the arg parameter is used as a pathname of a
           file to enable swapping to.  The misc parameter is used to set the
           priority of this swap device.

           If cmd is SWAP_OFF, the arg parameter is used as the pathname of a
           file to disable swapping from.  The misc parameter is ignored.

           If cmd is SWAP_CTL, the arg and misc parameters have the same func-
           tion as for the SWAP_ON case, except that they change the priority
           of a currently enabled swap device.

           If cmd is SWAP_DUMPDEV, the arg parameter is used as the pathname
           of a device to use as the dump device, should the system panic.

           If cmd is SWAP_GETDUMPDEV, the arg parameter points to a dev_t,
           which is filled in by the current dump device.

     When swapping is enabled on a block device, the first portion of the disk
     is left unused to prevent any disklabel present from being overwritten.
     This space is allocated from the swap device when the SWAP_ON command is

     The priority of a swap device can be used to fill faster swap devices be-
     fore slower ones.  A priority of 0 is the highest, with larger numbers
     having lower priority.  For a fuller discussion on swap priority, see the
     SWAP PRIORITY section in swapctl(8).

     If the cmd parameter is SWAP_NSWAP or SWAP_STATS, swapctl() returns the
     number of swap devices, if successful.  The SWAP_NSWAP command is always
     successful.  Otherwise it returns 0 on success and -1 on failure, setting
     the global variable errno to indicate the error.

     swapctl() succeeds unless:

     [ENOTDIR]     A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

                   A component of a pathname exceeded NAME_MAX characters, or
                   an entire path name exceeded PATH_MAX characters.

     [ENOENT]      The named device does not exist.  For the SWAP_CTL command,
                   the named device is not currently enabled for swapping.

     [EACCES]      Search permission is denied for a component of the path

     [ELOOP]       Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the

     [EPERM]       The caller is not the super-user.

     [EBUSY]       The device specified by arg has already been made available
                   for swapping.

     [EINVAL]      The device configured by arg has no associated size, or the
                   cmd was unknown.

     [ENXIO]       The major device number of arg is out of range (this indi-
                   cates no device driver exists for the associated hardware).

     [EIO]         An I/O error occurred while opening the swap device.

     [EFAULT]      arg points outside the process' allocated address space.


     The swapctl() function call appeared in NetBSD 1.3.  The se_path member
     was added to struct swapent in NetBSD 1.4, when the header file was also
     moved from <vm/vm_swap.h>, to its current location in <sys/swap.h>.

     The current swap system was designed and implemented by Matthew Green
     <mrg@eterna.com.au>, with help from Paul Kranenburg <pk@NetBSD.ORG> and
     Leo Weppelman <leo@NetBSD.ORG>, and insights from Jason R. Thorpe <thor-

NetBSD 1.6                       June 20, 1997                               2

You can also request any man page by name and (optionally) by section:


Use the DEFAULT collection to view manual pages for third-party software.

©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias
©1996-2018 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen