STRTOD(3)               NetBSD Library Functions Manual              STRTOD(3)

NAME
     strtod, strtof, strtold -- convert ASCII string to double, float, or long
     double

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <stdlib.h>

     double
     strtod(const char * restrict nptr, char ** restrict endptr);

     float
     strtof(const char * restrict nptr, char ** restrict endptr);

     long double
     strtold(const char * restrict nptr, char ** restrict endptr);

DESCRIPTION
     The strtod() function converts the initial portion of the string pointed
     to by nptr to double representation.

     The strtof() function converts the initial portion of the string pointed
     to by nptr to float representation.

     The strtold() function converts the initial portion of the string pointed
     to by nptr to long double representation.

     The expected form of the string is an optional plus (`+') or minus sign
     (`-') followed by one of the following:

     -   a sequence of digits optionally containing a decimal-point character,
         optionally followed by an exponent.  An exponent consists of an `E'
         or `e', followed by an optional plus or minus sign, followed by a
         sequence of digits.

     -   one of INF or INFINITY, ignoring case.

     -   one of NAN or NAN(n-char-sequence-opt), ignoring case.  This imple-
         mentation currently does not interpret such a sequence.

     Leading white-space characters in the string (as defined by the
     isspace(3) function) are skipped.

RETURN VALUES
     The strtod(), strtof(), and strtold() functions return the converted
     value, if any.

     A character sequence INF or INFINITY is converted to infinity, if sup-
     ported, else to the largest finite floating-point number representable on
     the machine (i.e., VAX).

     A character sequence NAN or NAN(n-char-sequence-opt) is converted to a
     quiet NaN, if supported, else remains unrecognized (i.e., VAX).

     If endptr is not NULL, a pointer to the character after the last charac-
     ter used in the conversion is stored in the location referenced by
     endptr.

     If no conversion is performed, zero is returned and the value of nptr is
     stored in the location referenced by endptr.

     If the correct value would cause overflow, plus or minus HUGE_VAL,
     HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL is returned (according to the return type and
     sign of the value), and ERANGE is stored in errno.  If the correct value
     would cause underflow, zero is returned and ERANGE is stored in errno.

ERRORS
     [ERANGE]           Overflow or underflow occurred.

SEE ALSO
     atof(3), atoi(3), atol(3), math(3), strtol(3), strtoul(3)

STANDARDS
     The strtod() function conforms to ANSI X3.159-1989 (``ANSI C89'').  The
     strtof() and strtold() functions conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1999
     (``ISO C99'').

HISTORY
     The strtof() and strtold() functions appeared in NetBSD 4.0.

NetBSD 7.0                      March 12, 2006                      NetBSD 7.0

You can also request any man page by name and (optionally) by section:

Command: 
Section: 
Architecture: 
Collection: 
 

Use the DEFAULT collection to view manual pages for third-party software.


©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@softlab.ntua.gr>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen