RTADVD(8)               NetBSD System Manager's Manual               RTADVD(8)

NAME
     rtadvd -- router advertisement daemon

SYNOPSIS
     rtadvd [-DdfRs] [-c configfile] [-M ifname] interface ...

DESCRIPTION
     rtadvd sends router advertisement packets to the specified interfaces.

     The program will daemonize itself on invocation.  It will then send
     router advertisement packets periodically, as well as in response to
     router solicitation messages sent by end hosts.

     Router advertisements can be configured on a per-interface basis, as
     described in rtadvd.conf(5).

     If there is no configuration file entry for an interface, or if the con-
     figuration file does not exist at all, rtadvd sets all the parameters to
     their default values.  In particular, rtadvd reads all the interface
     routes from the routing table and advertises them as on-link prefixes.

     rtadvd also watches the routing table.  If an interface direct route is
     added on an advertising interface and no static prefixes are specified by
     the configuration file, rtadvd adds the corresponding prefix to its
     advertising list.

     Similarly, when an interface direct route is deleted, rtadvd will start
     advertising the prefixes with zero valid and preferred lifetimes to help
     the receiving hosts switch to a new prefix when renumbering.  Note, how-
     ever, that the zero valid lifetime cannot invalidate the autoconfigured
     addresses at a receiving host immediately.  According to the specifica-
     tion, the host will retain the address for a certain period, which will
     typically be two hours.  The zero lifetimes rather intend to make the
     address deprecated, indicating that a new non-deprecated address should
     be used as the source address of a new connection.  This behavior will
     last for two hours.  Then rtadvd will completely remove the prefix from
     the advertising list, and succeeding advertisements will not contain the
     prefix information.

     Moreover, if the status of an advertising interface changes, rtadvd will
     start or stop sending router advertisements according to the latest sta-
     tus.

     The -s option may be used to disable this behavior; rtadvd will not watch
     the routing table and the whole functionality described above will be
     suppressed.

     Basically, hosts MUST NOT send Router Advertisement messages at any time
     (RFC 2461, Section 6.2.3).  However, it would sometimes be useful to
     allow hosts to advertise some parameters such as prefix information and
     link MTU.  Thus, rtadvd can be invoked if router lifetime is explicitly
     set to zero on every advertising interface.

     The command line options are:

     -c configfile
             Specify an alternate location, configfile, for the configuration
             file.  By default, /etc/rtadvd.conf is used.

     -D      Even more debugging information than that offered by the -d
             option is printed.

     -d      Print debugging information.

     -f      Foreground mode (useful when debugging).  Log messages will be
             dumped to stderr when this option is specified.

     -M ifname
             Specify an interface to join the all-routers site-local multicast
             group.  By default, rtadvd tries to join the first advertising
             interface appearing on the command line.  This option has meaning
             only with the -R option, which enables routing renumbering proto-
             col support.

     -R      Accept router renumbering requests.  If you enable it, an
             ipsec(4) setup is suggested for security reasons.  This option is
             currently disabled, and is ignored by rtadvd with a warning mes-
             sage.

     -s      Do not add or delete prefixes dynamically.  Only statically con-
             figured prefixes, if any, will be advertised.

     Use SIGHUP to reload the configuration file /etc/rtadvd.conf.  If an
     invalid parameter is found in the configuration file upon the reload, the
     entry will be ignored and the old configuration will be used.  When
     parameters in an existing entry are updated, rtadvd will send Router
     Advertisement messages with the old configuration but zero router life-
     time to the interface first, and then start to send a new message.

     Upon receipt of signal SIGUSR1, rtadvd will dump the current internal
     state into /var/run/rtadvd.dump.

     Use SIGTERM to kill rtadvd gracefully.  In this case, rtadvd will trans-
     mit router advertisement with router lifetime 0 to all the interfaces (in
     accordance with RFC 2461 6.2.5).

FILES
     /etc/rtadvd.conf        The default configuration file.
     /var/run/rtadvd.pid     Contains the PID of the currently running rtadvd.
     /var/run/rtadvd.dump    The file in which rtadvd dumps its internal
                             state.

EXIT STATUS
     The rtadvd utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

SEE ALSO
     rtadvd.conf(5), rtsol(8)

HISTORY
     The rtadvd command first appeared in the WIDE Hydrangea IPv6 protocol
     stack kit.

BUGS
     There used to be some text that recommended users not to let rtadvd
     advertise Router Advertisement messages on an upstream link to avoid
     undesirable icmp6(4) redirect messages.  However, based on later discus-
     sion in the IETF IPng working group, all routers should rather advertise
     the messages regardless of the network topology, in order to ensure
     reachability.

NetBSD 6.0                     December 13, 2006                    NetBSD 6.0

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