RT_TIMER(9)            NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual            RT_TIMER(9)

     rt_timer, rt_timer_add, rt_timer_queue_create, rt_timer_queue_change,
     rt_timer_queue_destroy, rt_timer_remove_all -- route callout functions

     #include <net/route.h>

     struct rttimer_queue *
     rt_timer_queue_create(time_t timeout);

     rt_timer_queue_change(struct rttimer_queue *q, time_t timeout);

     rt_timer_queue_destroy(struct rttimer_queue *q, int destroy);

     rt_timer_add(struct rtentry *rt,
         void(*f)(struct rtentry *, struct rttimer *),
         struct rttimer_queue *q);

     rt_timer_remove_all(struct rtentry *rt);

     The rt_timer functions provide a generic route callout functionality.
     They allow a function to be called for a route at any time.  This was
     originally intended to be used to remove routes added by path MTU discov-
     ery code.

     For maximum efficiency, a separate queue should be defined for each time-
     out period.  For example, one queue should be created for the 10 minute
     path MTU discovery timeouts, another for 20 minute ARP timeouts after 20
     minutes, and so on.  This permits extremely fast queue manipulations so
     that the timeout functions remain scalable, even in the face of thousands
     of route manipulations per minute.

     It is possible to create only a single timeout queue for all possible
     timeout values, but doing so is not scalable as queue manipulations
     become quite expensive if the timeout deltas are not roughly constant.

     The rt_timer interface provides the following functions:

     rt_timer_queue_create(time_t timeout)
              This function creates a new timer queue with the specified time-
              out period timeout, expressed in seconds.

     rt_timer_queue_change(rttimer_queue *q, time_t timeout)
              This function modifies the timeout period for a timer queue.
              Any value, including 0, is valid.  The next time the timer
              queue's timeout expires (based on the previous timeout value),
              all entries which are valid to execute based on the new timeout
              will be executed, and the new timeout period scheduled.

     rt_timer_queue_destroy(rttimer_queue *q, int destroy)
              This function destroys a timeout queue.  All entries are
              removed, and if the destroy argument is non-zero, the timeout
              action is performed for each entry.

     rt_timer_add(struct rtentry *rt, void(*f)(struct rtentry *, struct
              rttimer *), struct rttimer_queue *q)
              This function adds an entry to a timeout queue.  The function f
              will be called after the timeout period for queue q has elapsed.
              If f is NULL the route will be deleted when the timeout expires.

     rt_timer_remove_all(struct rtentry *rt)
              This function removes all references to the given route from the
              rt_timer subsystem.  This is used when a route is deleted to
              ensure that no dangling references remain.

     netstat(1), arp(9)

     The rt_timer interface appeared in NetBSD 1.4.

     This interface is roughly based on (but, alas, not compatible with) one
     designed by David Borman of BSDI.  This implementation is by Kevin Lahey
     of the Numerical Aerospace Simulation Facility, NASA Ames Research Cen-

     The rt_timer interface is implemented in sys/net/route.h and

NetBSD 6.1.3                    April 23, 1998                    NetBSD 6.1.3

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