RATECHECK(9)           NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual           RATECHECK(9)

NAME
     ratecheck -- function to help implement rate-limited actions

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/time.h>

     int
     ratecheck(struct timeval *lasttime, const struct timeval *mininterval);

DESCRIPTION
     The ratecheck() function provides a simple time interval check which can
     be used when implementing time-based rate-limited actions.  If the dif-
     ference between the current monotonically-increasing system time
     (mono_time) and lasttime is less than the value given by the mininterval
     argument, zero is returned.  Otherwise, lasttime is set to the current
     time and a non-zero value is returned.

     The motivation for implementing ratecheck() was to provide a mechanism
     that could be used to add rate limiting to diagnostic message output.  If
     printed too often, diagnostic messages can keep the system from doing
     useful work.  If the repeated messages can be caused by deliberate user
     action or network events, they can be exploited to cause denial of system
     service.

     Note that using a very short time interval (less than a second) for
     mininterval defeats the purpose of this function.  (It doesn't take much
     to flood a 9600 baud serial console with output, for instance.)

EXAMPLES
     Here is a simple example of use of the ratecheck() function:

     /*
      * The following variables could be global, in a device softc, etc.,
      * depending on the exact usage.
      */
     struct timeval drv_lasterr1time;   /* time of last err1 message */
     long drv_err1count;                /* # of err1 errs since last msg */
     struct timeval drv_lasterr2time;   /* time of last err2 message */
     long drv_err2count;                /* # of err2 errs since last msg */

     /*
      * The following variable will often be global or shared by all
      * instances of a driver.  It should be initialized, so it can be
      * patched.  Allowing it to be set via an option might be nice,
      * but could lead to an insane proliferation of options.
      */
     struct timeval drv_errintvl = { 5, 0 };         /* 5 seconds */

     /* error handling/reporting function */
     void
     drv_errhandler(int err1, int err2)
     {

             /*
              * Note that you should NOT use the same last-event
              * time variable for dissimilar messages!
              */
             if (err1) {
                     /* handle err1 condition */
                     ...

                     drv_err1count++;
                     if (ratecheck(&drv_lasterr1notice,
                         &drv_errinterval)) {
                             printf("drv: %ld err1 errors occurred",
                                 drv_err1count);
                             drv_err1count = 0;
                     }
             }
             if (err2) {
                     /* handle err2 condition */
                     ...

                     drv_err2count++;
                     if (ratecheck(&drv_lasterr2notice,
                         &drv_errinterval)) {
                             printf("drv: %ld err2 errors occurred",
                                 drv_err2count);
                             drv_err2count = 0;
                     }
             }
     }

SEE ALSO
     log(9), ppsratecheck(9), printf(9), time_second(9)

HISTORY
     The ratecheck() function appeared in NetBSD 1.5.

BUGS
     ratecheck() may not work as expected, if mininterval is less than the
     hardware clock interrupt interval (1/hz).

NetBSD 6.1.4                   February 2, 2000                   NetBSD 6.1.4

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©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@softlab.ntua.gr>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen