PROXYMAP(8)                                                        PROXYMAP(8)



NAME
       proxymap - Postfix lookup table proxy server

SYNOPSIS
       proxymap [generic Postfix daemon options]

DESCRIPTION
       The  proxymap(8)  server  provides read-only or read-write table lookup
       service to Postfix processes. These services are implemented with  dis-
       tinct service names: proxymap and proxywrite, respectively. The purpose
       of these services is:

             To overcome chroot restrictions. For example,  a  chrooted  SMTP
              server needs access to the system passwd file in order to reject
              mail for non-existent local addresses, but it is  not  practical
              to  maintain  a copy of the passwd file in the chroot jail.  The
              solution:

              local_recipient_maps =
                  proxy:unix:passwd.byname $alias_maps

             To consolidate the number of open lookup tables by  sharing  one
              open  table  among multiple processes. For example, making mysql
              connections from every Postfix daemon process  results  in  "too
              many connections" errors. The solution:

              virtual_alias_maps =
                  proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/virtual_alias.cf

              The  total  number  of  connections  is limited by the number of
              proxymap server processes.

             To provide single-updater functionality for lookup  tables  that
              do  not  reliably  support multiple writers (i.e. all file-based
              tables).

       The proxymap(8) server implements the following requests:

       open maptype:mapname flags
              Open the table with type maptype and name mapname, as controlled
              by  flags.  The  reply  includes the maptype dependent flags (to
              distinguish a fixed string table from a regular  expression  ta-
              ble).

       lookup maptype:mapname flags key
              Look  up  the data stored under the requested key.  The reply is
              the request completion status code and the lookup result  value.
              The  maptype:mapname  and  flags  are  the same as with the open
              request.

       update maptype:mapname flags key value
              Update the data stored under the requested key.   The  reply  is
              the  request  completion  status  code.  The maptype:mapname and
              flags are the same as with the open request.

              To implement single-updater maps, specify a process limit  of  1
              in the master.cf file entry for the proxywrite service.

              This request is supported in Postfix 2.5 and later.

       delete maptype:mapname flags key
              Delete  the  data  stored under the requested key.  The reply is
              the request completion status  code.   The  maptype:mapname  and
              flags are the same as with the open request.

              This request is supported in Postfix 2.5 and later.

       sequence maptype:mapname flags function
              Iterate  over  the  specified  database.  The function is one of
              DICT_SEQ_FUN_FIRST  or  DICT_SEQ_FUN_NEXT.   The  reply  is  the
              request  completion  status  code  and  a  lookup key and result
              value, if found.

              This request is supported in Postfix 2.9 and later.

       The request completion status is one of OK, RETRY, NOKEY (lookup failed
       because  the  key  was not found), BAD (malformed request) or DENY (the
       table is not approved for proxy read or update access).

       There is no close command, nor are  tables  implicitly  closed  when  a
       client  disconnects.  The  purpose  is  to  share tables among multiple
       client processes.

SERVER PROCESS MANAGEMENT
       proxymap(8) servers run under control by the Postfix master(8)  server.
       Each  server  can  handle  multiple simultaneous connections.  When all
       servers are busy while a client connects, the master(8) creates  a  new
       proxymap(8)  server  process,  provided  that  the process limit is not
       exceeded.  Each server  terminates  after  serving  at  least  $max_use
       clients or after $max_idle seconds of idle time.

SECURITY
       The  proxymap(8)  server  opens  only  tables that are approved via the
       proxy_read_maps or proxy_write_maps configuration parameters, does  not
       talk  to  users,  and  can run at fixed low privilege, chrooted or not.
       However, running the proxymap server chrooted severely  limits  usabil-
       ity, because it can open only chrooted tables.

       The proxymap(8) server is not a trusted daemon process, and must not be
       used to look up sensitive information such as UNIX user or  group  IDs,
       mailbox file/directory names or external commands.

       In  Postfix  version  2.2  and  later,  the  proxymap client recognizes
       requests to access a table for security-sensitive purposes,  and  opens
       the  table directly. This allows the same main.cf setting to be used by
       sensitive and non-sensitive processes.

       Postfix-writable data files should be stored under a  dedicated  direc-
       tory  that  is  writable  only  by the Postfix mail system, such as the
       Postfix-owned data_directory.

       In particular, Postfix-writable files should never exist in  root-owned
       directories.  That  would  open  up  a particular type of security hole
       where ownership of a file or directory does not match the  provider  of
       its content.

DIAGNOSTICS
       Problems and transactions are logged to syslogd(8).

BUGS
       The  proxymap(8)  server provides service to multiple clients, and must
       therefore not be used for tables that have high-latency lookups.

       The proxymap(8) read-write service does  not  explicitly  close  lookup
       tables  (even  if  it  did,  this  could  not be relied on, because the
       process may be terminated between table updates).  The read-write  ser-
       vice  should  therefore  not  be used with tables that leave persistent
       storage in an inconsistent state between updates  (for  example,  CDB).
       Tables  that  support  "sync  on  update"  should be safe (for example,
       Berkeley DB) as should tables that are implemented by a real DBMS.

CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS
       On busy mail systems a long time may pass before  proxymap(8)  relevant
       changes  to  main.cf are picked up. Use the command "postfix reload" to
       speed up a change.

       The text below provides only a parameter summary. See  postconf(5)  for
       more details including examples.

       config_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The  default  location of the Postfix main.cf and master.cf con-
              figuration files.

       data_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The directory with Postfix-writable  data  files  (for  example:
              caches, pseudo-random numbers).

       daemon_timeout (18000s)
              How  much  time  a  Postfix  daemon process may take to handle a
              request before it is terminated by a built-in watchdog timer.

       ipc_timeout (3600s)
              The time limit for sending  or  receiving  information  over  an
              internal communication channel.

       max_idle (100s)
              The  maximum  amount of time that an idle Postfix daemon process
              waits for an incoming connection before terminating voluntarily.

       max_use (100)
              The maximal number of incoming connections that a Postfix daemon
              process will service before terminating voluntarily.

       process_id (read-only)
              The process ID of a Postfix command or daemon process.

       process_name (read-only)
              The process name of a Postfix command or daemon process.

       proxy_read_maps (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The lookup tables that the  proxymap(8)  server  is  allowed  to
              access for the read-only service.

       Available in Postfix 2.5 and later:

       data_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The  directory  with  Postfix-writable  data files (for example:
              caches, pseudo-random numbers).

       proxy_write_maps (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The lookup tables that the  proxymap(8)  server  is  allowed  to
              access for the read-write service.

SEE ALSO
       postconf(5), configuration parameters
       master(5), generic daemon options

README FILES
       Use  "postconf readme_directory" or "postconf html_directory" to locate
       this information.
       DATABASE_README, Postfix lookup table overview

LICENSE
       The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.

HISTORY
       The proxymap service was introduced with Postfix 2.0.

AUTHOR(S)
       Wietse Venema
       IBM T.J. Watson Research
       P.O. Box 704
       Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA



                                                                   PROXYMAP(8)

You can also request any man page by name and (optionally) by section:

Command: 
Section: 
Architecture: 
Collection: 
 

Use the DEFAULT collection to view manual pages for third-party software.


©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@softlab.ntua.gr>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen