threads(3)                          OpenSSL                         threads(3)



NAME
       CRYPTO_set_locking_callback, CRYPTO_set_id_callback,
       CRYPTO_set_idptr_callback, CRYPTO_num_locks, CRYPTO_set_dynlock_cre-
       ate_callback, CRYPTO_set_dynlock_lock_callback, CRYPTO_set_dyn-
       lock_destroy_callback, CRYPTO_get_new_dynlockid, CRYPTO_destroy_dyn-
       lockid, CRYPTO_lock - OpenSSL thread support

LIBRARY
       libcrypto, -lcrypto

SYNOPSIS
        #include <openssl/crypto.h>

        void CRYPTO_set_locking_callback(void (*locking_function)(int mode,
               int n, const char *file, int line));

        void CRYPTO_set_id_callback(unsigned long (*id_function)(void));

        void CRYPTO_set_idptr_callback(void *(*idptr_function)(void));

        int CRYPTO_num_locks(void);

        /* struct CRYPTO_dynlock_value needs to be defined by the user */
        struct CRYPTO_dynlock_value;

        void CRYPTO_set_dynlock_create_callback(struct CRYPTO_dynlock_value *
               (*dyn_create_function)(char *file, int line));
        void CRYPTO_set_dynlock_lock_callback(void (*dyn_lock_function)
               (int mode, struct CRYPTO_dynlock_value *l,
               const char *file, int line));
        void CRYPTO_set_dynlock_destroy_callback(void (*dyn_destroy_function)
               (struct CRYPTO_dynlock_value *l, const char *file, int line));

        int CRYPTO_get_new_dynlockid(void);

        void CRYPTO_destroy_dynlockid(int i);

        void CRYPTO_lock(int mode, int n, const char *file, int line);

        #define CRYPTO_w_lock(type)    \
               CRYPTO_lock(CRYPTO_LOCK|CRYPTO_WRITE,type,__FILE__,__LINE__)
        #define CRYPTO_w_unlock(type)  \
               CRYPTO_lock(CRYPTO_UNLOCK|CRYPTO_WRITE,type,__FILE__,__LINE__)
        #define CRYPTO_r_lock(type)    \
               CRYPTO_lock(CRYPTO_LOCK|CRYPTO_READ,type,__FILE__,__LINE__)
        #define CRYPTO_r_unlock(type)  \
               CRYPTO_lock(CRYPTO_UNLOCK|CRYPTO_READ,type,__FILE__,__LINE__)
        #define CRYPTO_add(addr,amount,type)   \
               CRYPTO_add_lock(addr,amount,type,__FILE__,__LINE__)

DESCRIPTION
       OpenSSL can safely be used in multi-threaded applications provided that
       at least two callback functions are set.

       locking_function(int mode, int n, const char *file, int line) is needed
       to perform locking on shared data structures.  (Note that OpenSSL uses
       a number of global data structures that will be implicitly shared when-
       ever multiple threads use OpenSSL.)  Multi-threaded applications will
       crash at random if it is not set.

       locking_function() must be able to handle up to CRYPTO_num_locks() dif-
       ferent mutex locks. It sets the n-th lock if mode & CRYPTO_LOCK, and
       releases it otherwise.

       file and line are the file number of the function setting the lock.
       They can be useful for debugging.

       id_function(void) is a function that returns a numerical thread ID, for
       example pthread_self() if it returns an integer (see NOTES below).  By
       OpenSSL's defaults, this is not needed on Windows nor on platforms
       where getpid() returns a different ID for each thread (see NOTES
       below).

       idptr_function(void) is a function that similarly returns a thread ID,
       but of type void *.  This is not needed on platforms where &errno is
       different for each thread.

       Additionally, OpenSSL supports dynamic locks, and sometimes, some parts
       of OpenSSL need it for better performance.  To enable this, the follow-
       ing is required:

       * Three additional callback function, dyn_create_function,
       dyn_lock_function and dyn_destroy_function.
       * A structure defined with the data that each lock needs to handle.

       struct CRYPTO_dynlock_value has to be defined to contain whatever
       structure is needed to handle locks.

       dyn_create_function(const char *file, int line) is needed to create a
       lock.  Multi-threaded applications might crash at random if it is not
       set.

       dyn_lock_function(int mode, CRYPTO_dynlock *l, const char *file, int
       line) is needed to perform locking off dynamic lock numbered n. Multi-
       threaded applications might crash at random if it is not set.

       dyn_destroy_function(CRYPTO_dynlock *l, const char *file, int line) is
       needed to destroy the lock l. Multi-threaded applications might crash
       at random if it is not set.

       CRYPTO_get_new_dynlockid() is used to create locks.  It will call
       dyn_create_function for the actual creation.

       CRYPTO_destroy_dynlockid() is used to destroy locks.  It will call
       dyn_destroy_function for the actual destruction.

       CRYPTO_lock() is used to lock and unlock the locks.  mode is a bitfield
       describing what should be done with the lock.  n is the number of the
       lock as returned from CRYPTO_get_new_dynlockid().  mode can be combined
       from the following values.  These values are pairwise exclusive, with
       undefined behaviour if misused (for example, CRYPTO_READ and
       CRYPTO_WRITE should not be used together):

               CRYPTO_LOCK     0x01
               CRYPTO_UNLOCK   0x02
               CRYPTO_READ     0x04
               CRYPTO_WRITE    0x08

RETURN VALUES
       CRYPTO_num_locks() returns the required number of locks.

       CRYPTO_get_new_dynlockid() returns the index to the newly created lock.

       The other functions return no values.

NOTES
       You can find out if OpenSSL was configured with thread support:

        #define OPENSSL_THREAD_DEFINES
        #include <openssl/opensslconf.h>
        #if defined(OPENSSL_THREADS)
          // thread support enabled
        #else
          // no thread support
        #endif

       Also, dynamic locks are currently not used internally by OpenSSL, but
       may do so in the future.

       Defining id_function(void) has it's own issues.  Generally speaking,
       pthread_self() should be used, even on platforms where getpid() gives
       different answers in each thread, since that may depend on the machine
       the program is run on, not the machine where the program is being com-
       piled.  For instance, Red Hat 8 Linux and earlier used LinuxThreads,
       whose getpid() returns a different value for each thread.  Red Hat 9
       Linux and later use NPTL, which is Posix-conformant, and has a getpid()
       that returns the same value for all threads in a process.  A program
       compiled on Red Hat 8 and run on Red Hat 9 will therefore see getpid()
       returning the same value for all threads.

       There is still the issue of platforms where pthread_self() returns
       something other than an integer.  It is for cases like this that
       CRYPTO_set_idptr_callback() comes in handy.  (E.g., call malloc(1) once
       in each thread, and have idptr_function() return a pointer to this
       object.) Note that if neither id_function() or idptr_function() are
       provided, OpenSSL will use (&errno) as a fallback (as this usually
       returns a unique address for each thread).

EXAMPLES
       crypto/threads/mttest.c shows examples of the callback functions on
       Solaris, Irix and Win32.

HISTORY
       CRYPTO_set_locking_callback() and CRYPTO_set_id_callback() are avail-
       able in all versions of SSLeay and OpenSSL.  CRYPTO_num_locks() was
       added in OpenSSL 0.9.4.  All functions dealing with dynamic locks were
       added in OpenSSL 0.9.5b-dev.

       CRYPTO_set_idptr_callback() was added in OpenSSL 0.9.9.

SEE ALSO
       crypto(3)



0.9.9-dev                         2008-05-09                        threads(3)

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