err(3)                              OpenSSL                             err(3)



NAME
       err - error codes

LIBRARY
       libcrypto, -lcrypto

SYNOPSIS
        #include <openssl/err.h>

        unsigned long ERR_get_error(void);
        unsigned long ERR_peek_error(void);
        unsigned long ERR_get_error_line(const char **file, int *line);
        unsigned long ERR_peek_error_line(const char **file, int *line);
        unsigned long ERR_get_error_line_data(const char **file, int *line,
                const char **data, int *flags);
        unsigned long ERR_peek_error_line_data(const char **file, int *line,
                const char **data, int *flags);

        int ERR_GET_LIB(unsigned long e);
        int ERR_GET_FUNC(unsigned long e);
        int ERR_GET_REASON(unsigned long e);

        void ERR_clear_error(void);

        char *ERR_error_string(unsigned long e, char *buf);
        const char *ERR_lib_error_string(unsigned long e);
        const char *ERR_func_error_string(unsigned long e);
        const char *ERR_reason_error_string(unsigned long e);

        void ERR_print_errors(BIO *bp);
        void ERR_print_errors_fp(FILE *fp);

        void ERR_load_crypto_strings(void);
        void ERR_free_strings(void);

        void ERR_remove_state(unsigned long pid);

        void ERR_put_error(int lib, int func, int reason, const char *file,
                int line);
        void ERR_add_error_data(int num, ...);

        void ERR_load_strings(int lib,ERR_STRING_DATA str[]);
        unsigned long ERR_PACK(int lib, int func, int reason);
        int ERR_get_next_error_library(void);

DESCRIPTION
       When a call to the OpenSSL library fails, this is usually signalled by
       the return value, and an error code is stored in an error queue associ-
       ated with the current thread. The err library provides functions to
       obtain these error codes and textual error messages.

       The ERR_get_error(3) manpage describes how to access error codes.

       Error codes contain information about where the error occurred, and
       what went wrong. ERR_GET_LIB(3) describes how to extract this informa-
       tion. A method to obtain human-readable error messages is described in
       ERR_error_string(3).

       ERR_clear_error(3) can be used to clear the error queue.

       Note that ERR_remove_state(3) should be used to avoid memory leaks when
       threads are terminated.

ADDING NEW ERROR CODES TO OPENSSL
       See ERR_put_error(3) if you want to record error codes in the OpenSSL
       error system from within your application.

       The remainder of this section is of interest only if you want to add
       new error codes to OpenSSL or add error codes from external libraries.

       Reporting errors

       Each sub-library has a specific macro XXXerr() that is used to report
       errors. Its first argument is a function code XXX_F_..., the second
       argument is a reason code XXX_R_.... Function codes are derived from
       the function names; reason codes consist of textual error descriptions.
       For example, the function ssl23_read() reports a "handshake failure" as
       follows:

        SSLerr(SSL_F_SSL23_READ, SSL_R_SSL_HANDSHAKE_FAILURE);

       Function and reason codes should consist of upper case characters, num-
       bers and underscores only. The error file generation script translates
       function codes into function names by looking in the header files for
       an appropriate function name, if none is found it just uses the capi-
       talized form such as "SSL23_READ" in the above example.

       The trailing section of a reason code (after the "_R_") is translated
       into lower case and underscores changed to spaces.

       When you are using new function or reason codes, run make errors.  The
       necessary #defines will then automatically be added to the
       sub-library's header file.

       Although a library will normally report errors using its own specific
       XXXerr macro, another library's macro can be used. This is normally
       only done when a library wants to include ASN1 code which must use the
       ASN1err() macro.

       Adding new libraries

       When adding a new sub-library to OpenSSL, assign it a library number
       ERR_LIB_XXX, define a macro XXXerr() (both in err.h), add its name to
       ERR_str_libraries[] (in crypto/err/err.c), and add
       "ERR_load_XXX_strings()" to the ERR_load_crypto_strings() function (in
       crypto/err/err_all.c). Finally, add an entry

        L      XXX     xxx.h   xxx_err.c

       to crypto/err/openssl.ec, and add xxx_err.c to the Makefile.  Running
       make errors will then generate a file xxx_err.c, and add all error
       codes used in the library to xxx.h.

       Additionally the library include file must have a certain form.  Typi-
       cally it will initially look like this:

        #ifndef HEADER_XXX_H
        #define HEADER_XXX_H

        #ifdef __cplusplus
        extern "C" {
        #endif

        /* Include files */

        #include <openssl/bio.h>
        #include <openssl/x509.h>

        /* Macros, structures and function prototypes */

        /* BEGIN ERROR CODES */

       The BEGIN ERROR CODES sequence is used by the error code generation
       script as the point to place new error codes, any text after this point
       will be overwritten when make errors is run.  The closing #endif etc
       will be automatically added by the script.

       The generated C error code file xxx_err.c will load the header files
       stdio.h, openssl/err.h and openssl/xxx.h so the header file must load
       any additional header files containing any definitions it uses.

USING ERROR CODES IN EXTERNAL LIBRARIES
       It is also possible to use OpenSSL's error code scheme in external
       libraries. The library needs to load its own codes and call the OpenSSL
       error code insertion script mkerr.pl explicitly to add codes to the
       header file and generate the C error code file. This will normally be
       done if the external library needs to generate new ASN1 structures but
       it can also be used to add more general purpose error code handling.

       TBA more details

INTERNALS
       The error queues are stored in a hash table with one ERR_STATE entry
       for each pid. ERR_get_state() returns the current thread's ERR_STATE.
       An ERR_STATE can hold up to ERR_NUM_ERRORS error codes. When more error
       codes are added, the old ones are overwritten, on the assumption that
       the most recent errors are most important.

       Error strings are also stored in hash table. The hash tables can be
       obtained by calling ERR_get_err_state_table(void) and
       ERR_get_string_table(void) respectively.

SEE ALSO
       CRYPTO_set_id_callback(3), CRYPTO_set_locking_callback(3),
       ERR_get_error(3), ERR_GET_LIB(3), ERR_clear_error(3),
       ERR_error_string(3), ERR_print_errors(3), ERR_load_crypto_strings(3),
       ERR_remove_state(3), ERR_put_error(3), ERR_load_strings(3),
       SSL_get_error(3)



0.9.9-dev                         2002-07-30                            err(3)

You can also request any man page by name and (optionally) by section:

Command: 
Section: 
Architecture: 
Collection: 
 

Use the DEFAULT collection to view manual pages for third-party software.


©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@softlab.ntua.gr>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen