NDBOOTD(8)              NetBSD System Manager's Manual              NDBOOTD(8)

NAME
     ndbootd -- Sun Network Disk (ND) Protocol server

SYNOPSIS
     ndbootd [-s boot2] [-i interface] [-w windowsize] [-d] boot1

DESCRIPTION
     ndbootd is a server which supports the Sun Network Disk (ND) Protocol.
     This protocol was designed by Sun before they designed NFS.  ND simply
     makes the raw blocks of a disk available to network clients.  Contrast
     this with the true namespace and file abstractions that NFS provides.

     The only reason you're likely to encounter ND nowadays is if you have an
     old Sun 2 machine, like the 2/120 or 2/50.  The Sun 2 PROMs can only use
     ND to boot over the network.  (Later, the Sun 3 PROMs would use RARP and
     TFTP to boot over the network.)

     ndbootd is a very simple ND server that only supports client reads for
     booting.  It exports a disk that the clients consider to be /dev/ndp0 (ND
     public unit zero).  The disk is available only to clients that are listed
     in /etc/ethers and have valid hostnames.  (Sun 2 PROMs don't do RARP, but
     they do learn their IP address from the first ND response they receive
     from the server.)

     boot1 is a file containing the mandatory first-stage network boot pro-
     gram, typically /usr/mdec/bootyy.  The layout of the exported disk is:

              block 0: normally a Sun disklabel (but ignored by the PROM)

              blocks 1-15: the first-stage network boot program

     With the -s boot2 option, ndbootd will also make a second-stage network
     boot program available to clients, typically /usr/mdec/netboot.  When
     boot2 is a filename, that file is the single second-stage network boot
     program to be served to all clients.

     When boot2 is a directory name, typically /tftpboot, ndbootd finds a
     client's second-stage network boot program by turning its IP address into
     a filename in that directory, in the same manner later Sun 3 PROMs do
     when TFTPing (i.e., if a client has IP address 192.168.1.10, ndbootd
     expects to find /tftpboot/C0A8010A.SUN2 ).

     When used in this last manner with an ND-aware first-stage boot program,
     ndbootd serves the same purpose in the Sun 2 netboot process as tftpd(8)
     serves in the Sun 3 netboot process.

     Any second-stage network boot program always begins at block 16 of the
     exported disk, regardless of the length of the first-stage network boot
     program.

     All first- and second-stage network boot programs must have all exe-
     cutable headers stripped off; they must be raw binary programs.

     The remaining options are:

     -i interface
                Only listen for ND clients on interface interface.  Normally
                ndbootd listens for clients on the first non-loopback IP
                interface that is up and running.

     -w windowsize
                This adjusts the window size of the ND protocol.  This is the
                number of 1-kilobyte packets that can be transmitted before
                waiting for an acknowledgement.  Defaults to 6.

     -d         Run in debug mode.  Debugging output goes to standard error
                and the server will not fork.

FILES
     /etc/ethers
     /etc/hosts

SEE ALSO
     tftpd(8)

BUGS
     Whether or not there is a second-stage network boot program, the exported
     disk appears to all clients to have infinite length.  The content of all
     blocks not used by the first- or second-stage network boot programs is
     undefined.  All client reads of undefined blocks are silently allowed by
     the server.

NetBSD 6.0.1                      May 9, 2001                     NetBSD 6.0.1

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