NAMED-CHECKZONE(8)                   BIND9                  NAMED-CHECKZONE(8)



NAME
       named-checkzone, named-compilezone - zone file validity checking or
       converting tool

SYNOPSIS
       named-checkzone [-d] [-h] [-j] [-q] [-v] [-c class] [-f format]
                       [-F format] [-J filename] [-i mode] [-k mode] [-m mode]
                       [-M mode] [-n mode] [-l ttl] [-L serial] [-o filename]
                       [-r mode] [-s style] [-S mode] [-t directory] [-T mode]
                       [-w directory] [-D] [-W mode] {zonename} {filename}

       named-compilezone [-d] [-j] [-q] [-v] [-c class] [-C mode] [-f format]
                         [-F format] [-J filename] [-i mode] [-k mode]
                         [-m mode] [-n mode] [-l ttl] [-L serial] [-r mode]
                         [-s style] [-t directory] [-T mode] [-w directory]
                         [-D] [-W mode] {-o filename} {zonename} {filename}

DESCRIPTION
       named-checkzone checks the syntax and integrity of a zone file. It
       performs the same checks as named does when loading a zone. This makes
       named-checkzone useful for checking zone files before configuring them
       into a name server.

       named-compilezone is similar to named-checkzone, but it always dumps
       the zone contents to a specified file in a specified format.
       Additionally, it applies stricter check levels by default, since the
       dump output will be used as an actual zone file loaded by named. When
       manually specified otherwise, the check levels must at least be as
       strict as those specified in the named configuration file.

OPTIONS
       -d
           Enable debugging.

       -h
           Print the usage summary and exit.

       -q
           Quiet mode - exit code only.

       -v
           Print the version of the named-checkzone program and exit.

       -j
           When loading a zone file, read the journal if it exists. The
           journal file name is assumed to be the zone file name appended with
           the string .jnl.

       -J filename
           When loading the zone file read the journal from the given file, if
           it exists. (Implies -j.)

       -c class
           Specify the class of the zone. If not specified, "IN" is assumed.

       -i mode
           Perform post-load zone integrity checks. Possible modes are "full"
           (default), "full-sibling", "local", "local-sibling" and "none".

           Mode "full" checks that MX records refer to A or AAAA record (both
           in-zone and out-of-zone hostnames). Mode "local" only checks MX
           records which refer to in-zone hostnames.

           Mode "full" checks that SRV records refer to A or AAAA record (both
           in-zone and out-of-zone hostnames). Mode "local" only checks SRV
           records which refer to in-zone hostnames.

           Mode "full" checks that delegation NS records refer to A or AAAA
           record (both in-zone and out-of-zone hostnames). It also checks
           that glue address records in the zone match those advertised by the
           child. Mode "local" only checks NS records which refer to in-zone
           hostnames or that some required glue exists, that is when the
           nameserver is in a child zone.

           Mode "full-sibling" and "local-sibling" disable sibling glue checks
           but are otherwise the same as "full" and "local" respectively.

           Mode "none" disables the checks.

       -f format
           Specify the format of the zone file. Possible formats are "text"
           (default), "raw", and "map".

       -F format
           Specify the format of the output file specified. For
           named-checkzone, this does not cause any effects unless it dumps
           the zone contents.

           Possible formats are "text" (default), which is the standard
           textual representation of the zone, and "map", "raw", and "raw=N",
           which store the zone in a binary format for rapid loading by named.
           "raw=N" specifies the format version of the raw zone file: if N is
           0, the raw file can be read by any version of named; if N is 1, the
           file can be read by release 9.9.0 or higher; the default is 1.

       -k mode
           Perform "check-names" checks with the specified failure mode.
           Possible modes are "fail" (default for named-compilezone), "warn"
           (default for named-checkzone) and "ignore".

       -l ttl
           Sets a maximum permissible TTL for the input file. Any record with
           a TTL higher than this value will cause the zone to be rejected.
           This is similar to using the max-zone-ttl option in named.conf.

       -L serial
           When compiling a zone to "raw" or "map" format, set the "source
           serial" value in the header to the specified serial number. (This
           is expected to be used primarily for testing purposes.)

       -m mode
           Specify whether MX records should be checked to see if they are
           addresses. Possible modes are "fail", "warn" (default) and
           "ignore".

       -M mode
           Check if a MX record refers to a CNAME. Possible modes are "fail",
           "warn" (default) and "ignore".

       -n mode
           Specify whether NS records should be checked to see if they are
           addresses. Possible modes are "fail" (default for
           named-compilezone), "warn" (default for named-checkzone) and
           "ignore".

       -o filename
           Write zone output to filename. If filename is - then write to
           standard out. This is mandatory for named-compilezone.

       -r mode
           Check for records that are treated as different by DNSSEC but are
           semantically equal in plain DNS. Possible modes are "fail", "warn"
           (default) and "ignore".

       -s style
           Specify the style of the dumped zone file. Possible styles are
           "full" (default) and "relative". The full format is most suitable
           for processing automatically by a separate script. On the other
           hand, the relative format is more human-readable and is thus
           suitable for editing by hand. For named-checkzone this does not
           cause any effects unless it dumps the zone contents. It also does
           not have any meaning if the output format is not text.

       -S mode
           Check if a SRV record refers to a CNAME. Possible modes are "fail",
           "warn" (default) and "ignore".

       -t directory
           Chroot to directory so that include directives in the configuration
           file are processed as if run by a similarly chrooted named.

       -T mode
           Check if Sender Policy Framework (SPF) records exist and issues a
           warning if an SPF-formatted TXT record is not also present.
           Possible modes are "warn" (default), "ignore".

       -w directory
           chdir to directory so that relative filenames in master file
           $INCLUDE directives work. This is similar to the directory clause
           in named.conf.

       -D
           Dump zone file in canonical format. This is always enabled for
           named-compilezone.

       -W mode
           Specify whether to check for non-terminal wildcards. Non-terminal
           wildcards are almost always the result of a failure to understand
           the wildcard matching algorithm (RFC 1034). Possible modes are
           "warn" (default) and "ignore".

       zonename
           The domain name of the zone being checked.

       filename
           The name of the zone file.

RETURN VALUES
       named-checkzone returns an exit status of 1 if errors were detected and
       0 otherwise.

SEE ALSO
       named(8), named-checkconf(8), RFC 1035, BIND 9 Administrator Reference
       Manual.

AUTHOR
       Internet Systems Consortium

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  2004-2007, 2009-2014 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
       ("ISC")
       Copyright  2000-2002 Internet Software Consortium.



BIND9                          February 19, 2014            NAMED-CHECKZONE(8)

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