MSGGET(2)                 NetBSD System Calls Manual                 MSGGET(2)

NAME
     msgget -- get message queue identifier

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/msg.h>

     int
     msgget(key_t key, int msgflg);

DESCRIPTION
     The msgget() system call returns the message queue identifier associated
     with key.  A message queue identifier is a unique integer greater than
     zero.

     A message queue is created if either key is equal to IPC_PRIVATE, or key
     does not have a message queue identifier associated with it and the
     IPC_CREAT bit is set in msgflg.  If both the IPC_CREAT bit and the
     IPC_EXCL bit are set in msgflg, and key has a message queue identifier
     associated with it already, the operation will fail.

     If a new message queue is created, the data structure associated with it
     (the msqid_ds structure, see msgctl(2)) is initialized as follows:

     +   msg_perm.cuid and msg_perm.uid are set to the effective uid of the
         calling process.

     +   msg_perm.gid and msg_perm.cgid are set to the effective gid of the
         calling process.

     +   msg_perm.mode is set to the lower 9 bits of msgflg.

     +   msg_qnum, msg_lspid, msg_lrpid, msg_rtime, and msg_stime are set to
         0.

     +   msg_qbytes is set to the system wide maximum value for the number of
         bytes in a queue (MSGMNB).

     +   msg_ctime is set to the current time.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion a positive message queue identifier is
     returned.  Otherwise, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set
     to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     [EACCES]           A message queue is already associated with key and the
                        caller has no permission to access it.

     [EEXIST]           Both IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL are set in msgflg, and a
                        message queue is already associated with key.

     [ENOSPC]           A new message queue could not be created because the
                        system limit for the number of message queues has been
                        reached.

     [ENOENT]           IPC_CREAT is not set in msgflg and no message queue
                        associated with key was found.

SEE ALSO
     msgctl(2), msgrcv(2), msgsnd(2), ftok(3)

STANDARDS
     The msgget system call conforms to X/Open System Interfaces and Headers
     Issue 5 (``XSH5'').

HISTORY
     Message queues appeared in the first release of AT&T System V UNIX.

NetBSD 5.0.1                     May 13, 2004                     NetBSD 5.0.1

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