MQ_OPEN(3)              NetBSD Library Functions Manual             MQ_OPEN(3)

NAME
     mq_open -- open a message queue (REALTIME)

LIBRARY
     POSIX Real-time Library (librt, -lrt)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <mqueue.h>

     mqd_t
     mq_open(const char *name, int oflag);

     mqd_t
     mq_open(const char *name, int oflag, mode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr);

DESCRIPTION
     The mq_open() function establishes the connection between a process and a
     message queue with a message queue descriptor.  It creates an open mes-
     sage queue description that refers to the message queue, and a message
     queue descriptor that refers to that open message queue description.  The
     message queue descriptor is used by other functions to refer to that mes-
     sage queue.  The name argument points to a string naming a message queue,
     which should conform to the construction rules for a pathname.  The name
     should begin with a slash character.  The processes calling mq_open()
     with the same value of name will refer to the same message queue object,
     as long as that name has not been removed.  If the name argument is not
     the name of an existing message queue and creation is not requested,
     mq_open() fails and returns an error.

     The oflag argument requests the desired receive and/or send access to the
     message queue.  The requested access permission to receive messages or
     send messages are granted if the calling process would be granted read or
     write access, respectively, to an equivalently protected file.

     The value of oflag is the bitwise-inclusive OR of values from the follow-
     ing list.  Applications must specify exactly one of the first three val-
     ues (access modes) below in the value of oflag:

     O_RDONLY  Open the message queue for receiving messages.  The process can
               use the returned message queue descriptor with mq_receive(3),
               but not mq_send(3).

     O_WRONLY  Open the queue for sending messages.  The process can use the
               returned message queue descriptor with mq_send(3) but not
               mq_receive(3).

     O_RDWR    Open the queue for both receiving and sending messages.  The
               process can use any of the functions allowed for O_RDONLY and
               O_WRONLY.

     In all cases, a message queue may be open multiple times in the same or
     different processes for sending/receiving messages.

     Any combination of the remaining flags may be specified in the value of
     oflag:

     O_CREAT   Create a message queue.  It requires two additional arguments:
               mode and attr.  If the pathname name has already been used to
               create a message queue that still exists, then this flag will
               have no effect, except as noted under O_EXCL.  Otherwise, a
               message queue will be created without any messages in it.  The
               user ID of the message queue will be set to the effective user
               ID of the process, and the group ID of the message queue will
               be set to the effective group ID of the process.  The permis-
               sion bits of the message queue will be set to the value of the
               mode argument, except those set in the file mode creation mask
               of the process.  When bits in mode other than the file permis-
               sion bits are specified, the effect is unspecified.  If attr is
               NULL, the message queue will be created with implementation-
               defined default message queue attributes.  If attr is non-NULL
               and the calling process has the appropriate privilege on name,
               the message queue mq_maxmsg and mq_msgsize attributes will be
               set to the values of the corresponding members in the mq_attr
               structure referred to by attr.  If attr is non-NULL, but the
               calling process does not have the appropriate privilege on
               name, the mq_open() function will fail and return an error
               without creating the message queue.

     O_EXCL    If O_EXCL and O_CREAT are set, mq_open() fails if the message
               queue name exists.  The check for the existence of the message
               queue and the creation of the message queue if it does not
               exist will be atomic with respect to other threads executing
               mq_open() naming the same name with O_EXCL and O_CREAT set.  If
               O_EXCL is set and O_CREAT is not set, the result is undefined.

     O_NONBLOCK
               Determines whether an mq_send(3) or mq_receive(3) waits for
               resources or messages that are not currently available, or
               fails with errno set to EAGAIN.

     The mq_open() function does not add or remove messages from the queue.

NOTES
     The select(2) and poll(2) system calls to the message queue descriptor
     are supported by NetBSD, however, it is not portable.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion, mq_open() returns a message queue descriptor.
     Otherwise, the function returns (mqd_t) -1 and sets the global variable
     errno to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     The mq_open() function fails if:

     [EACCES]           The message queue exists and the permissions specified
                        by oflag are denied, or the message queue does not
                        exist and permission to create the message queue is
                        denied.

     [EEXIST]           O_CREAT and O_EXCL are set and the named message queue
                        already exists.

     [EINTR]            The mq_open() function was interrupted by a signal.

     [EINVAL]           The mq_open() function is not supported for the given
                        name, or O_CREAT was specified in oflag, the value of
                        attr is not NULL, and either mq_maxmsg or mq_msgsize
                        was less than or equal to zero.

     [EMFILE]           Too many message queue descriptors or file descriptors
                        are currently in use by this process.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     The length of the name argument exceeds {PATH_MAX} or
                        a pathname component is longer than {NAME_MAX}.

     [ENFILE]           Too many message queues are currently open in the sys-
                        tem.

     [ENOENT]           O_CREAT is not set and the named message queue does
                        not exist.

     [ENOSPC]           There is insufficient space for the creation of the
                        new message queue.

SEE ALSO
     mq_close(3), mq_getattr(3), mq_notify(3), mq_receive(3), mq_send(3),
     mq_setattr(3), mq_unlink(3)

STANDARDS
     This function conforms to the IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'') stan-
     dard.

HISTORY
     This function first appeared in NetBSD 5.0.

COPYRIGHT
     Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
     from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
     -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Spec-
     ifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electri-
     cal and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group.  In the event of
     any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open
     Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the ref-
     eree document.  The original Standard can be obtained online at
     http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

NetBSD 5.0_RC4                  January 5, 2009                 NetBSD 5.0_RC4

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