GROFF_ME(7)                                                        GROFF_ME(7)

       groff_me - troff macros for formatting papers

       groff -me [ options ] file ...
       groff -m me [ options ] file ...

       This  manual page describes the GNU version of the -me macros, which is
       part of the groff document formatting system.  This version can be used
       with  both GNU troff and Unix troff.  This package of troff macro defi-
       nitions provides a canned formatting facility for technical  papers  in
       various formats.

       The  macro  requests are defined below.  Many troff requests are unsafe
       in conjunction with this package, however, these requests may  be  used
       with impunity after the first .pp:

              .bp     begin new page
              .br     break output line here
              .sp n   insert n spacing lines
              .ls n   (line spacing) n=1 single, n=2 double space
              .na     no alignment of right margin
              .ce n   center next n lines
              .ul n   underline next n lines

       Output  of  the pic, eqn, refer, and tbl preprocessors is acceptable as

       /usr/share/tmac/me.tmac (a wrapper file for e.tmac)

       groff(1), troff(1)
       -me Reference Manual, Eric P. Allman
       Writing Papers with Groff Using -me

       This list is incomplete; see The -me Reference Manual  for  interesting

Request      Initial Cause Explanation
             Value   Break
.(c          -       yes   Begin centered block
.(d          -       no    Begin delayed text
.(f          -       no    Begin footnote
.(l          -       yes   Begin list
.(q          -       yes   Begin major quote
.(x x        -       no    Begin indexed item in index x
.(z          -       no    Begin floating keep
.)c          -       yes   End centered block
.)d          -       yes   End delayed text
.)f          -       yes   End footnote
.)l          -       yes   End list
.)q          -       yes   End major quote
.)x          -       yes   End index item
.)z          -       yes   End floating keep
.++ m H      -       no    Define paper section.  m defines the part of the
                           paper, and can be C (chapter), A (appendix), P
                           (preliminary, e.g., abstract, table of contents,
                           etc.), B (bibliography), RC (chapters renumbered
                           from page one each chapter), or RA (appendix renum-
                           bered from page one).
.+c T        -       yes   Begin chapter (or appendix, etc., as set by .++).
                           T is the chapter title.
.1c          1       yes   One column format on a new page.
.2c          1       yes   Two column format.
.EN          -       yes   Space after equation produced by eqn or neqn.
.EQ x y      -       yes   Precede equation; break out and add space.  Equa-
                           tion number is y.  The optional argument x may be I
                           to indent equation (default), L to left-adjust the
                           equation, or C to center the equation.
.GE          -       yes   End gremlin picture.
.GS          -       yes   Begin gremlin picture.
.PE          -       yes   End pic picture.
.PS          -       yes   Begin pic picture.
.TE          -       yes   End table.
.TH          -       yes   End heading section of table.
.TS x        -       yes   Begin table; if x is H table has repeated heading.
.b x         no      no    Print x in boldface; if no argument switch to bold-
.ba +n       0       yes   Augments the base indent by n.  This indent is used
                           to set the indent on regular text (like para-
.bc          no      yes   Begin new column
.bi x        no      no    Print x in bold italics (nofill only)
.bu          -       yes   Begin bulleted paragraph
.bx x        no      no    Print x in a box (nofill only).
.ef xyz      no    Set even footer to x  y  z
.eh xyz      no    Set even header to x  y  z
.fo xyz      no    Set footer to x  y  z
.hx          -       no    Suppress headers and footers on next page.
.he xyz      no    Set header to x  y  z
.hl          -       yes   Draw a horizontal line
.i x         no      no    Italicize x; if x missing, italic text follows.
.ip x y      no      yes   Start indented paragraph, with hanging tag x.
                           Indentation is y ens (default 5).
.lp          yes     yes   Start left-blocked paragraph.
.np          1       yes   Start numbered paragraph.
.of xyz      no    Set odd footer to x  y  z
.oh xyz      no    Set odd header to x  y  z
.pd          -       yes   Print delayed text.
.pp          no      yes   Begin paragraph.  First line indented.
.r           yes     no    Roman text follows.
.re          -       no    Reset tabs to default values.
.sh n x      -       yes   Section head follows, font automatically bold.  n
                           is level of section, x is title of section.
.sk          no      no    Leave the next page blank.  Only one page is remem-
                           bered ahead.
.sm x        -       no    Set x in a smaller pointsize.
.sz +n       10p     no    Augment the point size by n points.
.tp          no      yes   Begin title page.
.u x         -       no    Underline argument (even in troff).  (Nofill only).
.uh          -       yes   Like .sh but unnumbered.
.xp x        -       no    Print index x.

3rd Berkeley Distribution        June 30, 2003                     GROFF_ME(7)

You can also request any man page by name and (optionally) by section:


Use the DEFAULT collection to view manual pages for third-party software.

©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen