LOG(3)                  NetBSD Library Functions Manual                 LOG(3)

NAME
     log, logf, log10, log10f, log1p, log1pf log2, log2f, -- logarithm func-
     tions

LIBRARY
     Math Library (libm, -lm)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <math.h>

     double
     log(double x);

     float
     logf(float x);

     double
     log10(double x);

     float
     log10f(float x);

     double
     log1p(double x);

     float
     log1pf(float x);

     double
     log2(double x);

     float
     log2f(float x);

DESCRIPTION
     The following functions compute logarithms:

          The log() and logf() functions return the natural logarithm.

          The log10() and log10f() functions return the base 10 logarithm.

          The log1p() and log1pf() functions return the natural logarithm of
           (1.0 + x) accurately even for very small values of x.

          The log2() and log2f() functions return the base 2 logarithm.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion, the functions return the logarithm of x as
     descibed above.  Otherwise the following may occur:

           1.   If x is NaN, all functions return NaN.

           2.   If x is positive infinity, all functions return x.  If x is
                negative infinity, all functions return NaN.

           3.   If x is +0.0 or -0.0, the log(), log10(), and log2() families
                return either -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, whereas
                the log1p() family returns x.

           4.   If x is +1.0, the log(), log10(), and log2() families return
                +0.0.  If x is -1.0, the log1p() family returns -HUGE_VAL,
                -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL.

     In addition, on a VAX, errno is set to EDOM and the reserved operand is
     returned by log() unless x > 0, by log1p() unless x > -1.

SEE ALSO
     exp(3), ilogb(3), math(3)

STANDARDS
     The described functions conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (``ISO C99'').

HISTORY
     The history of the logarithm functions dates back to Version 6 AT&T UNIX.

NetBSD 6.0                    September 13, 2011                    NetBSD 6.0

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