CHOWN(2)                  NetBSD System Calls Manual                  CHOWN(2)

NAME
     chown, lchown, fchown -- change owner and group of a file

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     chown(const char *path, uid_t owner, gid_t group);

     int
     lchown(const char *path, uid_t owner, gid_t group);

     int
     fchown(int fd, uid_t owner, gid_t group);

DESCRIPTION
     The owner ID and group ID of the file named by path or referenced by fd
     is changed as specified by the arguments owner and group.  The owner of a
     file may change the group to a group of which he or she is a member, but
     the change owner capability is restricted to the super-user.

     When called to change the owner of a file, chown(), lchown() and fchown()
     clear the set-user-id (S_ISUID) bit on the file.  When a called to change
     the group of a file, chown(), lchown() and fchown() clear the set-group-
     id (S_ISGID) bit on the file.  These actions are taken to prevent acci-
     dental or mischievous creation of set-user-id and set-group-id programs.

     lchown() is like chown() except in the case where the named file is a
     symbolic link, in which case lchown() changes the owner and group of the
     link, while chown() changes the owner and group of the file the link ref-
     erences.

     fchown() is particularly useful when used in conjunction with the file
     locking primitives (see flock(2)).

     One of the owner or group id's may be left unchanged by specifying it as
     (uid_t)-1 or (gid_t)-1 respectively.

RETURN VALUES
     Zero is returned if the operation was successful; -1 is returned if an
     error occurs, with a more specific error code being placed in the global
     variable errno.

ERRORS
     chown() and lchown() will fail and the file will be unchanged if:

     [ENOTDIR]          A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} charac-
                        ters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} char-
                        acters.

     [ENOENT]           The named file does not exist.

     [EACCES]           Search permission is denied for a component of the
                        path prefix.

     [ELOOP]            Too many symbolic links were encountered in translat-
                        ing the pathname.

     [EPERM]            The effective user ID is not the super-user.

     [EROFS]            The named file resides on a read-only file system.

     [EFAULT]           path points outside the process's allocated address
                        space.

     [EIO]              An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to
                        the file system.

     fchown() will fail if:

     [EBADF]            fd does not refer to a valid descriptor.

     [EINVAL]           fd refers to a socket, not a file.

     [EPERM]            The effective user ID is not the super-user.

     [EROFS]            The named file resides on a read-only file system.

     [EIO]              An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to
                        the file system.

SEE ALSO
     chgrp(1), chmod(2), flock(2), symlink(7), chown(8)

STANDARDS
     The chown() function deviates from the semantics defined in ISO/IEC
     9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1''), which specifies that, unless the caller is the
     super-user, both the set-user-id and set-group-id bits on a file shall be
     cleared, regardless of the file attribute changed.  The lchown() and
     fchown() functions, as defined by X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4,
     Version 2 (``XPG4.2''), provide the same semantics.

     To retain conformance to these standards, compatibility interfaces are
     provided by the POSIX Compatibility Library (libposix, -lposix) as fol-
     lows:
        The chown() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1'')
         and X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4, Version 2 (``XPG4.2'').
        The lchown() and fchown() functions conform to X/Open Portability
         Guide Issue 4, Version 2 (``XPG4.2'').

HISTORY
     The fchown() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

     The chown() and fchown() functions were changed to follow symbolic links
     in 4.4BSD.  The lchown() function call appeared in NetBSD 1.3.

NetBSD 6.0                      April 19, 1994                      NetBSD 6.0

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©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@softlab.ntua.gr>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen