INET_NET(3)             NetBSD Library Functions Manual            INET_NET(3)

NAME
     inet_net_ntop, inet_net_pton -- Internet network number manipulation rou-
     tines

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/socket.h>
     #include <netinet/in.h>
     #include <arpa/inet.h>

     char *
     inet_net_ntop(int af, const void *src, int bits, char *dst, size_t size);

     int
     inet_net_pton(int af, const char *src, void *dst, size_t size);

DESCRIPTION
     The inet_net_ntop() function converts an Internet network number from
     network format (usually a struct in_addr or some other binary form, in
     network byte order) to CIDR presentation format (suitable for external
     display purposes).  bits is the number of bits in src that are the net-
     work number.  It returns NULL if a system error occurs (in which case,
     errno will have been set), or it returns a pointer to the destination
     string.

     The inet_net_pton() function converts a presentation format Internet net-
     work number (that is, printable form as held in a character string) to
     network format (usually a struct in_addr or some other internal binary
     representation, in network byte order).  It returns the number of bits
     (either computed based on the class, or specified with /CIDR), or -1 if a
     failure occurred (in which case errno will have been set.  It will be set
     to ENOENT if the Internet network number was not valid).

     The currently supported values for af are AF_INET and AF_INET6.  size is
     the size of the result buffer dst.

NETWORK NUMBERS (IP VERSION 4)
     Internet network numbers may be specified in one of the following forms:

           a.b.c.d/bits
           a.b.c.d
           a.b.c
           a.b
           a

     When four parts are specified, each is interpreted as a byte of data and
     assigned, from left to right, to the four bytes of an Internet network
     number.  Note that when an Internet network number is viewed as a 32-bit
     integer quantity on a system that uses little-endian byte order (such as
     the Intel 386, 486 and Pentium processors) the bytes referred to above
     appear as ``d.c.b.a''.  That is, little-endian bytes are ordered from
     right to left.

     When a three part number is specified, the last part is interpreted as a
     16-bit quantity and placed in the right-most two bytes of the Internet
     network number.  This makes the three part number format convenient for
     specifying Class B network numbers as ``128.net.host''.

     When a two part number is supplied, the last part is interpreted as a
     24-bit quantity and placed in the right most three bytes of the Internet
     network number.  This makes the two part number format convenient for
     specifying Class A network numbers as ``net.host''.

     When only one part is given, the value is stored directly in the Internet
     network number without any byte rearrangement.

     All numbers supplied as ``parts'' in a `.' notation may be decimal,
     octal, or hexadecimal, as specified in the C language (i.e., a leading 0x
     or 0X implies hexadecimal; otherwise, a leading 0 implies octal; other-
     wise, the number is interpreted as decimal).

SEE ALSO
     byteorder(3), inet(3), networks(5)

HISTORY
     The inet_net_ntop and inet_net_pton functions appeared in BIND 4.9.4 and
     thence NetBSD 1.3.  Support for AF_INET6 appeared in NetBSD 1.6.

NetBSD 5.1                     December 8, 2001                     NetBSD 5.1

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