IDENTD(8)               NetBSD System Manager's Manual               IDENTD(8)

NAME
     identd -- TCP/IP Ident protocol server

SYNOPSIS
     identd [-46beIilNnr] [-a address] [-c charset] [-F format] [-f username]
            [-g uid] [-L username] [-m filter] [-o osname] [-P address]
            [-p portno] [-t seconds] [-u uid]

DESCRIPTION
     identd is a TCP/IP server which implements the user identification proto-
     col as specified in RFC 1413.

     identd operates by looking up specific TCP/IP connections and returning
     information which may or may not be associated with the process owning
     the connection.

     The following options are available:

     -4            Bind to IPv4 addresses only (valid with flag -b).

     -6            Bind to IPv6 addresses only (valid with flag -b).

     -a address    Bind to the specified address.  This may be an IPv4 or IPv6
                   address or even a hostname.  If a hostname is specified
                   then identd will resolve it to an address (or addresses)
                   and will bind this address (valid with flag -b).

     -b            Run in the background (as daemon).

     -c charset    Specify an optional character set designator to be included
                   in replies.  charset should be a valid charset set as
                   described in the MIME RFC in upper case characters.

     -e            Return ``UNKNOWN-ERROR'' instead of the usual ``NO-USER''
                   or ``INVALID-PORT'' error replies.

     -F format     Specify the format to display info.  The allowed format
                   specifiers are:

                   %u      print user name
                   %U      print user number
                   %g      print (primary) group name
                   %G      print (primary) group number
                   %l      print list of all groups by name
                   %L      print list of all groups by number

                   The lists of groups (%l, %L) are comma-separated, and start
                   with the primary group which is not repeated.  Any other
                   characters (preceded by %, and those not preceded by it)
                   are printed literally.

     -f username   Specify a fall back username.  If the lookup fails then
                   this username will be returned.  This can be useful for
                   when running this service on a NAT host and not using the
                   forward/proxy functionality.

     -g gid        Specify the group id number or name which the server should
                   switch to after binding itself to the TCP/IP port.

     -I            Same as -i but without the restriction that the username in
                   .ident must not match an existing user.

     -i            If the .ident file exists in the home directory of the
                   identified user, return the username found in that file
                   instead of the real username.  If the username found in
                   .ident is that of an existing user, then the real username
                   will be returned.

     -L username   Specify a ``lie'' username.  identd will return this name
                   for all valid ident requests.

     -l            Use syslogd(8) for logging purposes.

     -m filter     Enables forwarding of ident queries.  The filter argument
                   specifies which packet filter should be used to lookup the
                   connections, currently `pf' and `ipfilter' are supported
                   packet filters.  Note that identd changes the ident queries
                   to use the local port on the NAT host instead of the local
                   port on the forwarding host.  This is needed because other-
                   wise we can't do a lookup on the proxy host.  On the proxy
                   host, ``proxy mode'' should be enabled with the -P flag or
                   ``lying mode'' with the -L flag.

     -N            Enable .noident files.  If this file exists in the home
                   directory of the identified user then return
                   ``HIDDEN-USER'' instead of the normal USERID response.

     -n            Return numeric user IDs instead of usernames.

     -o osname     Return osname instead of the default ``UNIX''.

     -P address    Specify a proxy server which will be used to receive prox-
                   ied ident queries from.  See also the -m flag how this
                   operates.

     -p portno     Specify an alternative port number under which the server
                   should run.  The default is port 113 (valid with flag -b).

     -r            Return a random name of alphanumeric characters.  If the -n
                   flag is also enabled then a random number will be returned.

     -t seconds    Specify a timeout for the service.  The default timeout is
                   30 seconds.

     -u uid        Specify the user id number or name to which the server
                   should switch after binding itself to the TCP/IP port.

FILES
     /etc/inetd.conf

EXAMPLES
     identd operates from inetd(8) or as standalone daemon.  Put the following
     lines into inetd.conf(5) to enable identd as an IPv4 and IPv6 service via
     inetd:

     ident stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/libexec/identd identd -l

     ident stream tcp6 nowait nobody /usr/libexec/identd identd -l

     To run identd as standalone daemon, use the -b flag.

SEE ALSO
     inetd.conf(5), inetd(8)

AUTHORS
     This implementation of identd is written by Peter Postma
     <peter@NetBSD.org>.

CAVEATS
     Since identd should typically not be run as a privileged user or group,
     .ident files for use when running with the -I or -i flags will need to be
     world accessible.  The same applies for .noident files when running with
     the -N flag.

     When forwarding is enabled with the -m flag then identd will need access
     to either /etc/pf (pf) or /etc/ipnat (ipfilter).  Since it's not a good
     idea to run identd under root, you'll need to adjust group owner/permis-
     sions to the device(s) and run identd under that group.

NetBSD 7.0                       April 4, 2005                      NetBSD 7.0

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