GETTYTAB(5)               NetBSD File Formats Manual               GETTYTAB(5)

NAME
     gettytab -- terminal configuration data base

SYNOPSIS
     gettytab

DESCRIPTION
     The gettytab file is a simplified version of the termcap(5) data base
     used to describe terminal lines.  The initial terminal login process
     getty(8) accesses the gettytab file each time it starts, allowing simpler
     reconfiguration of terminal characteristics.  Each entry in the data base
     is used to describe one class of terminals.

     Where to run getty(8) processes is normally defined by ttys(5).

     There is a default terminal class, default, that is used to set global
     defaults for all other classes.  (That is, the default entry is read,
     then the entry for the class required is used to override particular set-
     tings.)  The default entry is also normally read by other programs that
     present login prompts to the user, such as telnetd(8), in order to
     retrieve the values of the he, hn, im, and if capabilities.

CAPABILITIES
     Refer to termcap(5) for a description of the file layout.  The default
     column below lists defaults obtained if there is no entry in the table
     obtained, nor one in the special default table.

     Name      Type              Default    Description
     ab        bool              false      Auto-baud speed select mechanism
                                            for the Micom 600 portselector.
                                            Selection is done by looking at
                                            how the character `\r' is garbled
                                            at 300, 1200, 4800, and 9600 baud.
     al        str               NULL       user to auto-login instead of
                                            prompting
     ap        bool              false      terminal uses any parity
     bk        str               0377       alternative end of line character
                                            (input break)
     b2        str               0377       alternative end of line character
                                            (input break)
     c0        num               unused     tty control flags to write
                                            messages
     c1        num               unused     tty control flags to read login
                                            name
     c2        num               unused     tty control flags to leave
                                            terminal as
     ce        bool              false      use crt erase algorithm
     ck        bool              false      use crt kill algorithm
     cl        str               NULL       screen clear sequence
     co        bool              false      console - add `\r\n' after login
                                            prompt
     cs        bool              false      clear screen based on terminal
                                            type in /etc/ttys
     ds        str               `^Y'       delayed suspend character
     dx        bool              false      set DECCTLQ
     ec        bool              false      leave echo OFF
     ep        bool              false      terminal uses even parity
     er        str               `^?'       erase character
     et        str               `^D'       end of text (EOF) character
     ev        str               NULL       initial environment
     f0        num               unused     tty mode flags to write messages
     f1        num               unused     tty mode flags to read login name
     f2        num               unused     tty mode flags to leave terminal
                                            as
     fl        str               `^O'       output flush character
     hc        bool              false      do NOT hangup line on last close
     he        str               NULL       hostname editing string
     hn        str               hostname   hostname
     ht        bool              false      terminal has real tabs
     i0        num               unused     tty input flags to write messages
     i1        num               unused     tty input flags to read login name
     i2        num               unused     tty input flags to leave terminal
                                            as
     if        str               NULL       display named file before prompt,
                                            like /etc/issue
     ig        bool              false      ignore garbage characters in login
                                            name
     im        str               NULL       initial (banner) message
     in        str               `^C'       interrupt character
     is        num               unused     input speed
     kl        str               `^U'       kill character
     l0        num               unused     tty local flags to write messages
     l1        num               unused     tty local flags to read login name
     l2        num               unused     tty local flags to leave terminal
                                            as
     lc        bool              false      terminal has lower case
     lm        str               login:     login prompt
     ln        str               `^V'       ``literal next'' character
     lo        str               /usr/bin/loginprogram to exec when name
                                            obtained
     mb        bool              false      do flow control based on carrier
     nl        bool              false      terminal has (or might have) a
                                            newline character
     nn        bool              false      do not prompt for a login name
     np        bool              false      terminal uses no parity (i.e.
                                            8-bit characters)
     nx        str               default    next table (for auto speed
                                            selection)
     o0        num               unused     tty output flags to write messages
     o1        num               unused     tty output flags to read login
                                            name
     o2        num               unused     tty output flags to leave terminal
                                            as
     op        bool              false      terminal uses odd parity
     os        num               unused     output speed
     pc        str               `\0'       pad character
     pe        bool              false      use printer (hard copy) erase
                                            algorithm
     pf        num               0          delay between first prompt and
                                            following flush (seconds)
     pp        str               unused     PPP authentication program
     ps        bool              false      line connected to a MICOM port
                                            selector
     qu        str               `^\'       quit character
     rp        str               `^R'       line retype character
     rw        bool              false      do NOT use raw for input, use
                                            cbreak
     sp        num               unused     line speed (input and output)
     st        str               `^T'       status character
     su        str               `^Z'       suspend character
     tc        str               none       table continuation
     to        num               0          timeout (seconds)
     tt        str               NULL       terminal type (for environment)
     ub        bool              false      do unbuffered output (of prompts
                                            etc)
     we        str               `^W'       word erase character
     xc        bool              false      do NOT echo control chars as `^X'
     xf        str               `^S'       XOFF (stop output) character
     xn        str               `^Q'       XON (start output) character

     The following capabilities are no longer supported by getty(8):

     bd        num               0          backspace delay
     cb        bool              false      use crt backspace mode
     cd        num               0          carriage-return delay
     fd        num               0          form-feed (vertical motion) delay
     nd        num               0          newline (line-feed) delay
     uc        bool              false      terminal is known upper case only

     If no line speed is specified, speed will not be altered from that which
     prevails when getty is entered.  Specifying an input or output speed will
     override line speed for stated direction only.

     Terminal modes to be used for the output of the message, for input of the
     login name, and to leave the terminal set as upon completion, are derived
     from the boolean flags specified.  If the derivation should prove inade-
     quate, any (or all) of these three may be overridden with one of the c0,
     c1, c2, i0, i1, i2, l0, l1, l2, o0, o1, or o2 numeric specifications,
     which can be used to specify (usually in octal, with a leading '0') the
     exact values of the flags.  These flags correspond to the termios
     c_cflag, c_iflag, c_lflag, and c_oflag fields, respectively.  Each these
     sets must be completely specified to be effective.  The f0, f1, and f2
     are excepted for backwards compatibility with a previous incarnation of
     the TTY sub-system.  In these flags the bottom 16 bits of the (32 bits)
     value contain the sgttyb sg_flags field, while the top 16 bits represent
     the local mode word.

     Should getty(8) receive a null character (presumed to indicate a line
     break) it will restart using the table indicated by the nx entry.  If
     there is none, it will re-use its original table.

     Delays are specified in milliseconds, the nearest possible delay avail-
     able in the tty driver will be used.  Should greater certainty be
     desired, delays with values 0, 1, 2, and 3 are interpreted as choosing
     that particular delay algorithm from the driver.

     The cl screen clear string may be preceded by a (decimal) number of mil-
     liseconds of delay required (a la termcap).  This delay is simulated by
     repeated use of the pad character pc.

     The initial message, and login message, im and lm may include any of the
     following character sequences, which expand to information about the
     environment in which getty(8) is running.

     %d    The current date.
     %h    The hostname of the machine, which is normally obtained from the
           system using gethostname(3), but may also be overridden by the hn
           table entry.  In either case it may be edited with the he string.
           A '@' in the he string causes one character from the real hostname
           to be copied to the final hostname.  A '#' in the he string causes
           the next character of the real hostname to be skipped.  Each char-
           acter that is neither '@' nor '#' is copied into the final host-
           name.  Surplus '@' and '#' characters are ignored.
     %t    The tty name.
     %m, %r, %s, %v
           The type of machine, release of the operating system, name of the
           operating system, and version of the kernel, respectively, as
           returned by uname(3).
     %%    A ``%'' character.

     When getty execs the login process, given in the lo string (usually
     ``/usr/bin/login''), it will have set the environment to include the ter-
     minal type, as indicated by the tt string (if it exists).  The ev string,
     can be used to enter additional data into the environment.  It is a list
     of comma separated strings, each of which will presumably be of the form
     name=value.

     If a non-zero timeout is specified, with to, then getty will exit within
     the indicated number of seconds, either having received a login name and
     passed control to login(1), or having received an alarm signal, and
     exited.  This may be useful to hangup dial in lines.

     Output from getty(8) is even parity unless op or np is specified.  The op
     string may be specified with ap to allow any parity on input, but gener-
     ate odd parity output.  Note: this only applies while getty is being run,
     terminal driver limitations prevent a more complete implementation.
     getty(8) does not check parity of input characters in RAW mode.

     If pp string is specified and a Point to Point Protocol (PPP) link
     bringup sequence is recognized, getty(8) will invoke the program refer-
     enced by the pp string, e.g.  pppd(8).  This can be used to handle incom-
     ing PPP calls.

SEE ALSO
     login(1), gethostname(3), uname(3), termcap(5), ttys(5), getty(8),
     pppd(8), telnetd(8)

HISTORY
     The gettytab file format appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS
     The special characters (erase, kill, etc.) are reset to system defaults
     by login(1).  In all cases, '#' or '^H' typed in a login name will be
     treated as an erase character, and '@' will be treated as a kill charac-
     ter.

     The delay stuff is a real crock.  Apart from its general lack of flexi-
     bility, some of the delay algorithms are not implemented.  The terminal
     driver should support sane delay settings.

     The he capability is stupid.

     The termcap(5) format is horrid, something more rational should have been
     chosen.

NetBSD 5.1                      October 7, 2006                     NetBSD 5.1

You can also request any man page by name and (optionally) by section:

Command: 
Section: 
Architecture: 
Collection: 
 

Use the DEFAULT collection to view manual pages for third-party software.


©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@softlab.ntua.gr>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen