GETPROTOENT(3)          NetBSD Library Functions Manual         GETPROTOENT(3)

NAME
     getprotoent, getprotobynumber, getprotobyname, setprotoent, endprotoent
     -- get protocol entry

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <netdb.h>

     struct protoent *
     getprotoent();

     struct protoent *
     getprotobyname(const char *name);

     struct protoent *
     getprotobynumber(int proto);

     void
     setprotoent(int stayopen);

     void
     endprotoent(void);

DESCRIPTION
     The getprotoent(), getprotobyname(), and getprotobynumber() functions
     each return a pointer to an object with the following structure contain-
     ing the broken-out fields of a line in the network protocol data base,
     /etc/protocols.


           struct  protoent {
                   char    *p_name;        /* official name of protocol */
                   char    **p_aliases;    /* alias list */
                   int     p_proto;        /* protocol number */
           };

     The members of this structure are:

           p_name     The official name of the protocol.

           p_aliases  A zero terminated list of alternative names for the pro-
                      tocol.

           p_proto    The protocol number.

     The getprotoent() function reads the next line of the file, opening the
     file if necessary.

     The setprotoent() function opens and rewinds the file.  If the stayopen
     flag is non-zero, the net data base will not be closed after each call to
     getprotobyname() or getprotobynumber().

     The endprotoent() function closes the file.

     The getprotobyname() function and getprotobynumber() sequentially search
     from the beginning of the file until a matching protocol name or protocol
     number is found, or until EOF is encountered.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon success, getprotoent(), getprotobyname(), and getprotobynumber()
     return a pointer to the protoent structure as described above.  A NULL
     pointer is returned on EOF or error.

FILES
     /etc/protocols

SEE ALSO
     protocols(5)

HISTORY
     The getprotoent(), getprotobynumber(), getprotobyname(), setprotoent(),
     and endprotoent() functions appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS
     These functions use a static data space; if the data is needed for future
     use, it should be copied before any subsequent calls overwrite it.  Only
     the Internet protocols are currently understood.

NetBSD 6.1                       July 15, 2011                      NetBSD 6.1

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