TRUNCATE(2)               NetBSD System Calls Manual               TRUNCATE(2)

NAME
     truncate, ftruncate -- truncate a file to a specified length

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     truncate(const char *path, off_t length);

     int
     ftruncate(int fd, off_t length);

DESCRIPTION
     truncate() causes the file named by path or referenced by fd to have a
     size of length bytes.  If the file previously was larger than this size,
     the extra data is discarded.  If it was previously shorter than length,
     its size is increased to the specified value and the extended area
     appears as if it were zero-filled.

     With ftruncate(), the file must be open for writing; for truncate(), the
     process must have write permissions for the file.

RETURN VALUES
     A value of 0 is returned if the call succeeds.  If the call fails a -1 is
     returned, and the global variable errno specifies the error.

ERRORS
     Error return codes common to truncate() and ftruncate() are:

     [EINVAL]           The length argument was less than 0.

     [EIO]              An I/O error occurred updating the inode.

     [EISDIR]           The named file is a directory.

     [ENOSPC]           There was no space in the filesystem to complete the
                        operation.

     [EROFS]            The named file resides on a read-only file system.

     [ETXTBSY]          The file is a pure procedure (shared text) file that
                        is being executed.

     Error codes specific to truncate() are:

     [EACCES]           Search permission is denied for a component of the
                        path prefix, or the named file is not writable by the
                        user.

     [EFAULT]           path points outside the process's allocated address
                        space.

     [ELOOP]            Too many symbolic links were encountered in translat-
                        ing the pathname.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} charac-
                        ters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} char-
                        acters.

     [ENOENT]           The named file does not exist.

     [ENOTDIR]          A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

     Error codes specific to ftruncate() are:

     [EBADF]            The fd is not a valid descriptor.

     [EINVAL]           The fd references a socket, not a file, or the fd is
                        not open for writing.

SEE ALSO
     fdiscard(2), open(2)

STANDARDS
     Use of truncate() to extend a file is an IEEE Std 1003.1-2004
     (``POSIX.1'') extension, and is thus not portable.  Files can be extended
     in a portable way seeking (using lseek(2)) to the required size and writ-
     ing a single character with write(2).

HISTORY
     The truncate() and ftruncate() function calls appeared in 4.2BSD.

NetBSD 7.0                       July 23, 2014                      NetBSD 7.0

You can also request any man page by name and (optionally) by section:

Command: 
Section: 
Architecture: 
Collection: 
 

Use the DEFAULT collection to view manual pages for third-party software.


©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@softlab.ntua.gr>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen