DHCPCD-RUN-HOOKS(8)     NetBSD System Manager's Manual     DHCPCD-RUN-HOOKS(8)

     dhcpcd-run-hooks -- DHCP client configuration script

     dhcpcd-run-hooks is used by dhcpcd(8) to run any system and user defined
     hook scripts.  System hook scripts are found in /libexec/dhcpcd-hooks and
     the user defined hooks are /etc/dhcpcd.enter-hook.  and
     /etc/dhcpcd.exit-hook.  The default install supplies hook scripts for
     configuring /etc/resolv.conf and the hostname.  Your distribution may
     have included other hook scripts to say configure ntp or ypbind.  A test
     hook is also supplied that simply echos the dhcp variables to the console
     from DISCOVER message.

     Each time dhcpcd-run-hooks is invoked, $interface is set to the interface
     that dhcpcd is run on and $reason is to the reason why dhcpcd-run-hooks
     was invoked.  DHCP information to be configured is held in variables
     starting with the word new_ and old DHCP information to be removed is
     held in variables starting with the word old_.  dhcpcd can display the
     full list of variables it knows how about by using the -V, --variables

     Here's a list of reasons why dhcpcd-run-hooks could be invoked:

     PREINIT           dhcpcd is starting up and any pre-initialisation should
                       be done.

     CARRIER           dhcpcd has detected the carrier is up.  This is gener-
                       ally just a notification and no action need be taken.

     NOCARRIER         dhcpcd lost the carrier.  The cable may have been
                       unplugged or association to the wireless point lost.

     INFORM | INFORM6  dhcpcd informed a DHCP server about it's address and
                       obtained other configuration details.

     BOUND | BOUND6    dhcpcd obtained a new lease from a DHCP server.

     RENEW | RENEW6    dhcpcd renewed it's lease.

     REBIND | REBIND6  dhcpcd has rebound to a new DHCP server.

     REBOOT | REBOOT6  dhcpcd successfully requested a lease from a DHCP

     DELEGATED6        dhcpcd assigned a delegated prefix to the interface.

     IPV4LL            dhcpcd failed to contact any DHCP servers but did
                       obtain an IPV4LL address.

     STATIC            dhcpcd has been configured with a static configuration
                       which has not been obtained from a DHCP server.

     3RDPARTY          dhcpcd is monitoring the interface for a 3rd party to
                       give it an IP address.

     TIMEOUT           dhcpcd failed to contact any DHCP servers but was able
                       to use an old lease.

     EXPIRE | EXPIRE6  dhcpcd's lease or state expired and it failed to obtain
                       a new one.

     NAK               dhcpcd received a NAK from the DHCP server.  This
                       should be treated as EXPIRE.

     RECONFIGURE       dhcpcd has been instructed to reconfigure an interface.

     ROUTERADVERT      dhcpcd has received an IPv6 Router Advertisment, or one
                       has expired.

     STOP | STOP6      dhcpcd stopped running on the interface.

     STOPPED           dhcpcd has stopped entirely.

     DEPARTED          The interface has been removed.

     FAIL              dhcpcd failed to operate on the interface.  This nor-
                       mally happens when dhcpcd does not support the raw
                       interface, which means it cannot work as a DHCP or
                       ZeroConf client.  Static configuration and DHCP INFORM
                       is still allowed.

     DUMP              dhcpcd has been asked to dump the last lease for the

     TEST              dhcpcd received an OFFER from a DHCP server but will
                       not configure the interface.  This is primarily used to
                       test the variables are filled correctly for the script
                       to process them.

     dhcpcd will clear the environment variables aside from $PATH and
     $RC_SVCNAME.  The following variables will then be set, along with any
     protocol supplied ones.

     $interface         the name of the interface.

     $reason            as described above.

     $pid               the pid of dhcpcd.

     $ifcarrier         the link status of $interface: unknown, up or down.

     $ifmetric          $interface preference, lower is better.

     $ifwireless        1 if $interface is wireless, otherwise 0.

     $ifflags           $interface flags.

     $ifmtu             $interface MTU.

     $interface_order   A list of interfaces, in order of preference.

     $if_up             true if the interface is up, otherwise false.

     $if_down           true if the interface is down, otherwise false.

     $if_oneup          true if any interface is up, otherwise false.

     $if_ipwaited       true if any interface has been assigned an IP address
                        which matches any wait requirements specified in

     $profile           the name of the profile selected from dhcpcd.conf(5).

     $new_ssid          the name of the SSID the interface is connected to.

     $old_ssid          the name of the SSID the interface was connected to.

     $new_dhcp6_prefix  space separated list of delegated prefixes.

     When dhcpcd-run-hooks runs, it loads /etc/dhcpcd.enter-hook and any
     scripts found in /libexec/dhcpcd-hooks in a lexical order and then
     finally /etc/dhcpcd.exit-hook


     Roy Marples <roy@marples.name>

     Please report them to

     Little validation of DHCP options is done in dhcpcd itself.  Instead, it
     is up to the hooks to handle any validation needed.  To this end, some
     helper functions are provided, such as valid_domainname as used by the
     20-resolv.conf hook to ensure that the hostname is not set to an invalid
     value.  valid_path is also provided, but is currently unused by a stock
     hook script.

NetBSD 7.0                    September 26, 2014                    NetBSD 7.0

You can also request any man page by name and (optionally) by section:


Use the DEFAULT collection to view manual pages for third-party software.

©1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@softlab.ntua.gr>
©1996-2014 Modified for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen