CZ(4)                   NetBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual                  CZ(4)

NAME
     cz -- Cyclades-Z series multi-port serial adapter device driver

SYNOPSIS
     cz* at pci? dev ? function ?

DESCRIPTION
     The cz device driver supports the Cyclades-Z series of multi-port serial
     adapters.  The Cyclades-Z is an intelligent serial controller comprising:

           +   PLX9060ES PCI bus interface

           +   Xilinx XC5204 FPGA

           +   IDT R3052 MIPS CPU

     The MIPS CPU runs firmware provided by the device driver.  Communication
     with the MIPS is performed by modifying data structures located in board
     local RAM or host RAM.

     The Cyclades-Z comes in three basic flavors:

           +   Cyclades-8Zo rev. 1 -- This is an older 8-port board with no
               FPGA.  The serial ports are provided by an octopus cable.

           +   Cyclades-8Zo rev. 2 -- This is the newer 8-port board.  The
               serial ports are provided by an octopus cable.

           +   Cyclades-Ze -- This is the expandable version of the Cyclades-
               Z.  It uses an HD-50 SCSI cable to connect the board to a 1U
               rack mountable serial expansion box.  Each box has 16 RJ45
               serial ports, and up to 4 boxes may be chained together, for a
               total of 64 ports.  Boxes 3 and 4 require their own external
               power supply, otherwise the firmware will refuse to start (as
               it cannot communicate with the UARTs in those boxes).

     The Cyclades-Z has several features to improve performance under high
     serial I/O load:

           +   The board may operate in interrupt-driven mode or polled mode
               to reduce interrupt load.

           +   Each channel has a large input and output buffer.

           +   Each channel may be programmed to generate an interrupt based
               on reception of a specific character, e.g. a PPP End-Of-Frame
               character.

           +   The MIPS CPU on the board performs all flow-control handling.

FILES
     /dev/ttyCZnnnn -- dial-in (normal) TTY device
     /dev/dtyCZnnnn -- dial-out TTY device

SEE ALSO
     pci(4), termios(4), tty(4)

HISTORY
     The cz driver first appeared in NetBSD 1.5.

AUTHORS
     The cz driver was written by Jason R. Thorpe <thorpej@zembu.com> and
     Bill Studenmund <wrstuden@zembu.com> of Zembu Labs, Inc.

BUGS
     The cz driver does not currently implement communication via host RAM.
     While this may improve performance by reducing the number of PCI memory
     space read/write cycles, it is not straightforward to implement with the
     current bus_dma(9) API.

     Interrupt mode has not been tested.

     There is no support for reading or writing the EEPROM connected to the
     PLX PCI bus controller.

NetBSD 5.1                       May 17, 2000                       NetBSD 5.1

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