ATF-C-API(3)            NetBSD Library Functions Manual           ATF-C-API(3)

NAME
     atf-c-api, ATF_CHECK, ATF_CHECK_MSG, ATF_CHECK_EQ, ATF_CHECK_EQ_MSG,
     ATF_CHECK_MATCH, ATF_CHECK_MATCH_MSG, ATF_CHECK_STREQ,
     ATF_CHECK_STREQ_MSG, ATF_CHECK_ERRNO, ATF_REQUIRE, ATF_REQUIRE_MSG,
     ATF_REQUIRE_EQ, ATF_REQUIRE_EQ_MSG, ATF_REQUIRE_MATCH,
     ATF_REQUIRE_MATCH_MSG, ATF_REQUIRE_STREQ, ATF_REQUIRE_STREQ_MSG,
     ATF_REQUIRE_ERRNO, ATF_TC, ATF_TC_BODY, ATF_TC_BODY_NAME, ATF_TC_CLEANUP,
     ATF_TC_CLEANUP_NAME, ATF_TC_HEAD, ATF_TC_HEAD_NAME, ATF_TC_NAME,
     ATF_TC_WITH_CLEANUP, ATF_TC_WITHOUT_HEAD, ATF_TP_ADD_TC, ATF_TP_ADD_TCS,
     atf_tc_get_config_var, atf_tc_get_config_var_wd,
     atf_tc_get_config_var_as_bool, atf_tc_get_config_var_as_bool_wd,
     atf_tc_get_config_var_as_long, atf_tc_get_config_var_as_long_wd,
     atf_no_error, atf_tc_expect_death, atf_tc_expect_exit,
     atf_tc_expect_fail, atf_tc_expect_pass, atf_tc_expect_signal,
     atf_tc_expect_timeout, atf_tc_fail, atf_tc_fail_nonfatal, atf_tc_pass,
     atf_tc_skip, atf_utils_cat_file, atf_utils_compare_file,
     atf_utils_copy_file, atf_utils_create_file, atf_utils_file_exists,
     atf_utils_fork, atf_utils_free_charpp, atf_utils_grep_file,
     atf_utils_grep_string, atf_utils_readline, atf_utils_redirect,
     atf_utils_wait -- C API to write ATF-based test programs

SYNOPSIS
     #include <atf-c.h>

     ATF_CHECK(expression);

     ATF_CHECK_MSG(expression, fail_msg_fmt, ...);

     ATF_CHECK_EQ(expression_1, expression_2);

     ATF_CHECK_EQ_MSG(expression_1, expression_2, fail_msg_fmt, ...);

     ATF_CHECK_MATCH(regexp, string);

     ATF_CHECK_MATCH_MSG(regexp, string, fail_msg_fmt, ...);

     ATF_CHECK_STREQ(string_1, string_2);

     ATF_CHECK_STREQ_MSG(string_1, string_2, fail_msg_fmt, ...);

     ATF_CHECK_ERRNO(exp_errno, bool_expression);

     ATF_REQUIRE(expression);

     ATF_REQUIRE_MSG(expression, fail_msg_fmt, ...);

     ATF_REQUIRE_EQ(expression_1, expression_2);

     ATF_REQUIRE_EQ_MSG(expression_1, expression_2, fail_msg_fmt, ...);

     ATF_REQUIRE_MATCH(regexp, string);

     ATF_REQUIRE_MATCH_MSG(regexp, string, fail_msg_fmt, ...);

     ATF_REQUIRE_STREQ(string_1, string_2);

     ATF_REQUIRE_STREQ_MSG(string_1, string_2, fail_msg_fmt, ...);

     ATF_REQUIRE_ERRNO(exp_errno, bool_expression);

     ATF_TC(name);

     ATF_TC_BODY(name, tc);

     ATF_TC_BODY_NAME(name);

     ATF_TC_CLEANUP(name, tc);

     ATF_TC_CLEANUP_NAME(name);

     ATF_TC_HEAD(name, tc);

     ATF_TC_HEAD_NAME(name);

     ATF_TC_NAME(name);

     ATF_TC_WITH_CLEANUP(name);

     ATF_TC_WITHOUT_HEAD(name);

     ATF_TP_ADD_TC(tp_name, tc_name);

     ATF_TP_ADD_TCS(tp_name);

     atf_tc_get_config_var(tc, varname);

     atf_tc_get_config_var_wd(tc, variable_name, default_value);

     atf_tc_get_config_var_as_bool(tc, variable_name);

     atf_tc_get_config_var_as_bool_wd(tc, variable_name, default_value);

     atf_tc_get_config_var_as_long(tc, variable_name);

     atf_tc_get_config_var_as_long_wd(tc, variable_name, default_value);

     atf_no_error();

     atf_tc_expect_death(reason, ...);

     atf_tc_expect_exit(exitcode, reason, ...);

     atf_tc_expect_fail(reason, ...);

     atf_tc_expect_pass();

     atf_tc_expect_signal(signo, reason, ...);

     atf_tc_expect_timeout(reason, ...);

     atf_tc_fail(reason);

     atf_tc_fail_nonfatal(reason);

     atf_tc_pass();

     atf_tc_skip(reason);

     void
     atf_utils_cat_file(const char *file, const char *prefix);

     bool
     atf_utils_compare_file(const char *file, const char *contents);

     void
     atf_utils_copy_file(const char *source, const char *destination);

     void
     atf_utils_create_file(const char *file, const char *contents, ...);

     void
     atf_utils_file_exists(const char *file);

     pid_t
     atf_utils_fork(void);

     void
     atf_utils_free_charpp(char **argv);

     bool
     atf_utils_grep_file(const char *regexp, const char *file, ...);

     bool
     atf_utils_grep_string(const char *regexp, const char *str, ...);

     char *
     atf_utils_readline(int fd);

     void
     atf_utils_redirect(const int fd, const char *file);

     void
     atf_utils_wait(const pid_t pid, const int expected_exit_status,
         const char *expected_stdout, const char *expected_stderr);

DESCRIPTION
     ATF provides a C programming interface to implement test programs.  C-
     based test programs follow this template:

           ... C-specific includes go here ...

           #include <atf-c.h>

           ATF_TC(tc1);
           ATF_TC_HEAD(tc1, tc)
           {
               ... first test case's header ...
           }
           ATF_TC_BODY(tc1, tc)
           {
               ... first test case's body ...
           }

           ATF_TC_WITH_CLEANUP(tc2);
           ATF_TC_HEAD(tc2, tc)
           {
               ... second test case's header ...
           }
           ATF_TC_BODY(tc2, tc)
           {
               ... second test case's body ...
           }
           ATF_TC_CLEANUP(tc2, tc)
           {
               ... second test case's cleanup ...
           }

           ATF_TC_WITHOUT_HEAD(tc3);
           ATF_TC_BODY(tc3, tc)
           {
               ... third test case's body ...
           }

           ... additional test cases ...

           ATF_TP_ADD_TCS(tp)
           {
               ATF_TP_ADD_TC(tcs, tc1);
               ATF_TP_ADD_TC(tcs, tc2);
               ATF_TP_ADD_TC(tcs, tc3);
               ... add additional test cases ...

               return atf_no_error();
           }

   Definition of test cases
     Test cases have an identifier and are composed of three different parts:
     the header, the body and an optional cleanup routine, all of which are
     described in atf-test-case(4).  To define test cases, one can use the
     ATF_TC(), ATF_TC_WITH_CLEANUP() or the ATF_TC_WITHOUT_HEAD() macros,
     which take a single parameter specifiying the test case's name.
     ATF_TC(), requires to define a head and a body for the test case,
     ATF_TC_WITH_CLEANUP() requires to define a head, a body and a cleanup for
     the test case and ATF_TC_WITHOUT_HEAD() requires only a body for the test
     case.  It is important to note that these do not set the test case up for
     execution when the program is run.  In order to do so, a later registra-
     tion is needed with the ATF_TP_ADD_TC() macro detailed in Program
     initialization.

     Later on, one must define the three parts of the body by means of three
     functions.  Their headers are given by the ATF_TC_HEAD(), ATF_TC_BODY()
     and ATF_TC_CLEANUP() macros, all of which take the test case name pro-
     vided to the ATF_TC() ATF_TC_WITH_CLEANUP(), or ATF_TC_WITHOUT_HEAD()
     macros and the name of the variable that will hold a pointer to the test
     case data.  Following each of these, a block of code is expected, sur-
     rounded by the opening and closing brackets.

   Program initialization
     The library provides a way to easily define the test program's main()
     function.  You should never define one on your own, but rely on the
     library to do it for you.  This is done by using the ATF_TP_ADD_TCS()
     macro, which is passed the name of the object that will hold the test
     cases; i.e. the test program instance.  This name can be whatever you
     want as long as it is a valid variable identifier.

     After the macro, you are supposed to provide the body of a function,
     which should only use the ATF_TP_ADD_TC() macro to register the test
     cases the test program will execute and return a success error code.  The
     first parameter of this macro matches the name you provided in the former
     call.  The success status can be returned using the atf_no_error() func-
     tion.

   Header definitions
     The test case's header can define the meta-data by using the
     atf_tc_set_md_var() method, which takes three parameters: the first one
     points to the test case data, the second one specifies the meta-data
     variable to be set and the third one specifies its value.  Both of them
     are strings.

   Configuration variables
     The test case has read-only access to the current configuration variables
     by means of the bool atf_tc_has_config_var(), const char *
     atf_tc_get_config_var(), const char * atf_tc_get_config_var_wd(), bool
     atf_tc_get_config_var_as_bool(), bool atf_tc_get_config_var_as_bool_wd(),
     long atf_tc_get_config_var_as_long(), and the long
     atf_tc_get_config_var_as_long_wd() functions, which can be called in any
     of the three parts of a test case.

     The `_wd' variants take a default value for the variable which is
     returned if the variable is not defined.  The other functions without the
     `_wd' suffix require the variable to be defined.

   Access to the source directory
     It is possible to get the path to the test case's source directory from
     any of its three components by querying the `srcdir' configuration vari-
     able.

   Requiring programs
     Aside from the require.progs meta-data variable available in the header
     only, one can also check for additional programs in the test case's body
     by using the atf_tc_require_prog() function, which takes the base name or
     full path of a single binary.  Relative paths are forbidden.  If it is
     not found, the test case will be automatically skipped.

   Test case finalization
     The test case finalizes either when the body reaches its end, at which
     point the test is assumed to have passed, unless any non-fatal errors
     were raised using atf_tc_fail_nonfatal(), or at any explicit call to
     atf_tc_pass(), atf_tc_fail() or atf_tc_skip().  These three functions
     terminate the execution of the test case immediately.  The cleanup rou-
     tine will be processed afterwards in a completely automated way, regard-
     less of the test case's termination reason.

     atf_tc_pass() does not take any parameters.  atf_tc_fail(),
     atf_tc_fail_nonfatal() and atf_tc_skip() take a format string and a vari-
     able list of parameters, which describe, in a user-friendly manner, why
     the test case failed or was skipped, respectively.  It is very important
     to provide a clear error message in both cases so that the user can
     quickly know why the test did not pass.

   Expectations
     Everything explained in the previous section changes when the test case
     expectations are redefined by the programmer.

     Each test case has an internal state called `expect' that describes what
     the test case expectations are at any point in time.  The value of this
     property can change during execution by any of:

     atf_tc_expect_death(reason, ...)
             Expects the test case to exit prematurely regardless of the
             nature of the exit.

     atf_tc_expect_exit(exitcode, reason, ...)
             Expects the test case to exit cleanly.  If exitcode is not `-1',
             atf-run(1) will validate that the exit code of the test case
             matches the one provided in this call.  Otherwise, the exact
             value will be ignored.

     atf_tc_expect_fail(reason, ...)
             Any failure (be it fatal or non-fatal) raised in this mode is
             recorded.  However, such failures do not report the test case as
             failed; instead, the test case finalizes cleanly and is reported
             as `expected failure'; this report includes the provided reason
             as part of it.  If no error is raised while running in this mode,
             then the test case is reported as `failed'.

             This mode is useful to reproduce actual known bugs in tests.
             Whenever the developer fixes the bug later on, the test case will
             start reporting a failure, signaling the developer that the test
             case must be adjusted to the new conditions.  In this situation,
             it is useful, for example, to set reason as the bug number for
             tracking purposes.

     atf_tc_expect_pass()
             This is the normal mode of execution.  In this mode, any failure
             is reported as such to the user and the test case is marked as
             `failed'.

     atf_tc_expect_signal(signo, reason, ...)
             Expects the test case to terminate due to the reception of a sig-
             nal.  If signo is not `-1', atf-run(1) will validate that the
             signal that terminated the test case matches the one provided in
             this call.  Otherwise, the exact value will be ignored.

     atf_tc_expect_timeout(reason, ...)
             Expects the test case to execute for longer than its timeout.

   Helper macros for common checks
     The library provides several macros that are very handy in multiple situ-
     ations.  These basically check some condition after executing a given
     statement or processing a given expression and, if the condition is not
     met, they report the test case as failed.

     The `REQUIRE' variant of the macros immediately abort the test case as
     soon as an error condition is detected by calling the atf_tc_fail() func-
     tion.  Use this variant whenever it makes no sense to continue the execu-
     tion of a test case when the checked condition is not met.  The `CHECK'
     variant, on the other hand, reports a failure as soon as it is encoun-
     tered using the atf_tc_fail_nonfatal() function, but the execution of the
     test case continues as if nothing had happened.  Use this variant when-
     ever the checked condition is important as a result of the test case, but
     there are other conditions that can be subsequently checked on the same
     run without aborting.

     Additionally, the `MSG' variants take an extra set of parameters to
     explicitly specify the failure message.  This failure message is format-
     ted according to the printf(3) formatters.

     ATF_CHECK(), ATF_CHECK_MSG(), ATF_REQUIRE() and ATF_REQUIRE_MSG() take an
     expression and fail if the expression evaluates to false.

     ATF_CHECK_EQ(), ATF_CHECK_EQ_MSG(), ATF_REQUIRE_EQ() and
     ATF_REQUIRE_EQ_MSG() take two expressions and fail if the two evaluated
     values are not equal.

     ATF_CHECK_MATCH(), ATF_CHECK_MATCH_MSG(), ATF_REQUIRE_MATCH() and
     ATF_REQUIRE_MATCH_MSG() take a regular expression and a string and fail
     if the regular expression does not match the given string.  Note that the
     regular expression is not anchored, so it will match anywhere in the
     string.

     ATF_CHECK_STREQ(), ATF_CHECK_STREQ_MSG(), ATF_REQUIRE_STREQ() and
     ATF_REQUIRE_STREQ_MSG() take two strings and fail if the two are not
     equal character by character.

     ATF_CHECK_ERRNO() and ATF_REQUIRE_ERRNO() take, first, the error code
     that the check is expecting to find in the errno variable and, second, a
     boolean expression that, if evaluates to true, means that a call failed
     and errno has to be checked against the first value.

   Utility functions
     The following functions are provided as part of the atf-c-api API to sim-
     plify the creation of a variety of tests.  In particular, these are use-
     ful to write tests for command-line interfaces.

     void atf_utils_cat_file(const char *file, const char *prefix)

           Prints the contents of file to the standard output, prefixing every
           line with the string in prefix.

     bool atf_utils_compare_file(const char *file, const char *contents)

           Returns true if the given file matches exactly the expected inlined
           contents.

     void atf_utils_copy_file(const char *source, const char *destination)

           Copies the file source to destination.  The permissions of the file
           are preserved during the code.

     void atf_utils_create_file(const char *file, const char *contents, ...)

           Creates file with the text given in contents, which is a formatting
           string that uses the rest of the variable arguments.

     void atf_utils_file_exists(const char *file)

           Checks if file exists.

     pid_t atf_utils_fork(void)

           Forks a process and redirects the standard output and standard
           error of the child to files for later validation with
           atf_utils_wait().  Fails the test case if the fork fails, so this
           does not return an error.

     void atf_utils_free_charpp(char **argv)

           Frees a dynamically-allocated array of dynamically-allocated
           strings.

     bool atf_utils_grep_file(const char *regexp, const char *file, ...)

           Searches for the regexp, which is a formatting string representing
           the regular expression, in the file.  The variable arguments are
           used to construct the regular expression.

     bool atf_utils_grep_string(const char *regexp, const char *str, ...)

           Searches for the regexp, which is a formatting string representing
           the regular expression, in the literal string str.  The variable
           arguments are used to construct the regular expression.

     char * atf_utils_readline(int fd)

           Reads a line from the file descriptor fd.  The line, if any, is
           returned as a dynamically-allocated buffer that must be released
           with free(3).  If there was nothing to read, returns `NULL'.

     void atf_utils_redirect(const int fd, const char *file)

           Redirects the given file descriptor fd to file.  This function
           exits the process in case of an error and does not properly mark
           the test case as failed.  As a result, it should only be used in
           subprocesses of the test case; specially those spawned by
           atf_utils_fork().

     void atf_utils_wait(const pid_t pid, const int expected_exit_status,
     const char *expected_stdout, const char *expected_stderr)

           Waits and validates the result of a subprocess spawned with
           atf_utils_wait().  The validation involves checking that the sub-
           process exited cleanly and returned the code specified in
           expected_exit_status and that its standard output and standard
           error match the strings given in expected_stdout and
           expected_stderr.

           If any of the expected_stdout or expected_stderr strings are pre-
           fixed with `save:', then they specify the name of the file into
           which to store the stdout or stderr of the subprocess, and no com-
           parison is performed.

EXAMPLES
     The following shows a complete test program with a single test case that
     validates the addition operator:

           #include <atf-c.h>

           ATF_TC(addition);
           ATF_TC_HEAD(addition, tc)
           {
               atf_tc_set_md_var(tc, "descr",
                                 "Sample tests for the addition operator");
           }
           ATF_TC_BODY(addition, tc)
           {
               ATF_CHECK_EQ(0 + 0, 0);
               ATF_CHECK_EQ(0 + 1, 1);
               ATF_CHECK_EQ(1 + 0, 1);

               ATF_CHECK_EQ(1 + 1, 2);

               ATF_CHECK_EQ(100 + 200, 300);
           }

           ATF_TC(string_formatting);
           ATF_TC_HEAD(string_formatting, tc)
           {
               atf_tc_set_md_var(tc, "descr",
                                 "Sample tests for the snprintf");
           }
           ATF_TC_BODY(string_formatting, tc)
           {
               char buf[1024];
               snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "a %s", "string");
               ATF_CHECK_STREQ_MSG("a string", buf, "%s is not working");
           }

           ATF_TC(open_failure);
           ATF_TC_HEAD(open_failure, tc)
           {
               atf_tc_set_md_var(tc, "descr",
                                 "Sample tests for the open function");
           }
           ATF_TC_BODY(open_failure, tc)
           {
               ATF_CHECK_ERRNO(ENOENT, open("non-existent", O_RDONLY) == -1);
           }

           ATF_TC(known_bug);
           ATF_TC_HEAD(known_bug, tc)
           {
               atf_tc_set_md_var(tc, "descr",
                                 "Reproduces a known bug");
           }
           ATF_TC_BODY(known_bug, tc)
           {
               atf_tc_expect_fail("See bug number foo/bar");
               ATF_CHECK_EQ(3, 1 + 1);
               atf_tc_expect_pass();
               ATF_CHECK_EQ(3, 1 + 2);
           }

           ATF_TP_ADD_TCS(tp)
           {
               ATF_TP_ADD_TC(tp, addition);
               ATF_TP_ADD_TC(tp, string_formatting);
               ATF_TP_ADD_TC(tp, open_failure);
               ATF_TP_ADD_TC(tp, known_bug);

               return atf_no_error();
           }

SEE ALSO
     atf-test-program(1), atf-test-case(4), atf(7)

NetBSD 6.0                     November 15, 2013                    NetBSD 6.0

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