REALPATH(3)             NetBSD Library Functions Manual            REALPATH(3)

NAME
     realpath -- returns the canonicalized absolute pathname

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/param.h>
     #include <stdlib.h>

     char *
     realpath(const char * restrict pathname, char * restrict resolvedname);

DESCRIPTION
     The realpath() function resolves all symbolic links, extra ``/'' charac-
     ters and references to /./ and /../ in pathname, and copies the resulting
     absolute pathname into the memory referenced by resolvedname.  The
     resolvedname argument must refer to a buffer capable of storing at least
     MAXPATHLEN characters, or be NULL.

     The realpath() function will resolve both absolute and relative paths and
     return the absolute pathname corresponding to pathname.

RETURN VALUES
     If resolvedname is NULL, it will be allocated and the returned pointer
     can be deallocated using free(3).  The realpath() function returns
     resolvedname on success.  If an error occurs, realpath() returns NULL,
     and resolvedname was not allocated by realpath(), it will contain the
     pathname which caused the problem.

ERRORS
     The function realpath() may fail and set the external variable errno for
     any of the errors specified for the library functions lstat(2),
     readlink(2), getcwd(3) and malloc(3).

     In addition, the following errors may be reported:

     [EINVAL]           The value of the pathname argument is NULL.

     [ELOOP]            Too many symbolic links were encountered in translat-
                        ing the pathname.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     The resulting absolute pathname exceeds MAXPATHLEN
                        characters.

     [ENOENT]           The value of the pathname argument is an empty string;
                        or a symbolic link to an empty string is encountered.

     [ENOTDIR]          A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

SEE ALSO
     getcwd(3)

STANDARDS
     realpath() first appeared in X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4, Version 2
     (``XPG4.2'') and is part of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'').

HISTORY
     The realpath() function call first appeared in 4.4BSD.  In NetBSD 7.0 the
     function was updated to accept a NULL pointer for the resolvedname argu-
     ment.

BUGS
     This implementation of realpath() differs slightly from the Solaris
     implementation.  The 4.4BSD version always returns absolute pathnames,
     whereas the Solaris implementation will, under certain circumstances,
     return a relative resolvedname when given a relative pathname.

NetBSD 7.0                       May 24, 2013                       NetBSD 7.0

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